Seznam nositelů Prezidentské medaile svobody

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Jedná se o abecední (neúplný) seznam nositelů Prezidentské medaile svobody, kteří jsou seskupeni podle činnosti, za kterou ocenění získali. Prezidentskou medaili svobody uděluje prezident Spojených států "za zvláště záslužný příspěvek k (1) bezpečnosti nebo národním zájmům Spojených států, nebo (2) světovému míru, nebo za (3) kulturní či jiné významné veřejné nebo soukromé úsilí "; medaile je udělována jednotlivcům vybraných prezidentem nebo jemu doporučených Distinguished Civilian Service Awards Board. Jedinou výjimkou z pravidla, že oceněné vybírá úřadující prezident, byli hned první ocenění, které vybral prezident John F. Kennedy před tím, než na něj byl spáchán atentát. Těm ocenění předal jeho nástupce v úřadu, Lyndon B. Johnson. Americký prezident Barack Obama udělil 123 medailí, nejvíce v historii, následovaný prezidentem Ronaldem Reaganem se 102 oceněnými. [1]

Pouze dva lidé, Ellsworth Bunker a Colin Powell, získali Prezidentskou medaili svobody dvakrát. Colin Powell získal své druhé ocenění s vyznamenáním,[2] zatímco Ellsworth Bunker získal s vyznamenáním obě své medaile.

Tento seznam nezahrnuje ty, kteří získali podobně pojmenovanou, ale odlišnou Medaili svobody, ocenění udělované před rokem 1963.

Umění[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Architektura[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson [3]
Buckminster Fuller 1983 Ronald Reagan
I. M. Pei 1993 George H.W. Bush [4]
Frank Gehry 2016 Barack Obama [5]

Malířství[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Andrew Wyeth 1963 John F. Kennedy
Willem de Kooning 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Alexander Calder 1977 Gerald Ford uděleno posmrtně[6]
Georgia O'Keeffe 1977 Gerald Ford [7]
Norman Rockwell 1977 Gerald Ford cenu převzal Rockwellův syn Jarvis[8]
Roger L. Stevens 1988 Ronald Reagan
Jasper Johns 2011 Barack Obama
Maya Lin 2016 Barack Obama

Tanec[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Chita Rivera, 2009
Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Martha Grahamová 1976 Gerald Ford s vyznamenáním[9]
Lucia Chase 1980 Jimmy Carter
George Balanchine 1983 Ronald Reagan
Lincoln Kirstein 1984 Ronald Reagan [10]
Chita Rivera 2009 Barack Obama [11]
Alvin Ailey 2014 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně[12]

Film[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Walt Disney 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson označený jako "pan Walter Disney"[13]
Lynn Fontanne 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson [14]
Alfred Lunt 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Bob Hope 1969 Richard Nixon
Gregory Peck 1969 Richard Nixon
Samuel Goldwyn 1971 Richard Nixon
John Ford 1973 Richard Nixon
John Wayne 1980 Jimmy Carter udělena posmrtně[15]
Kirk Douglas 1981 Jimmy Carter
James Cagney 1984 Ronald Reagan [16]
James Stewart 1985 Ronald Reagan
Helen Hayes 1986 Ronald Reagan
Danny Kaye 1987 Ronald Reagan udělena posmrtně
Lucille Ball 1989 George H.W. Bush udělena posmrtně[17]
Audrey Hepburn 1992 George H.W. Bush
Martha Raye 1993 Bill Clinton
Lew Wasserman 1995 Bill Clinton
Charlton Heston 2003 George W. Bush
Doris Day 2004 George W. Bush [18]
Rita Moreno 2004 George W. Bush
Sidney Poitier 2009 Barack Obama
Meryl Streep 2014 Barack Obama
Steven Spielberg 2015 Barack Obama [19]
Barbra Streisand 2015 Barack Obama
Robert Redford 2016 Barack Obama
Robert De Niro 2016 Barack Obama
Tom Hanks 2016 Barack Obama
Cicely Tyson 2016 Barack Obama

Literatura[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Harper Lee, 2007
Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
E.B. White 1963 John F. Kennedy
Edmund Wilson 1963 John F. Kennedy
Thornton Wilder 1963 John F. Kennedy
J. Frank Dobie 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
T. S. Eliot 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Carl Sandburg 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
John Steinbeck 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Ralph Ellison 1969 Richard Nixon
Archibald MacLeish 1977 Gerald Ford cenu převzal synovec Roderick MacLeish[20]
James A. Michener 1977 Gerald Ford jmenován jako James Albert Michener[21]
Robert Penn Warren 1980 Jimmy Carter
Eudora Welty 1980 Jimmy Carter
Tennessee Williams 1980 Jimmy Carter
Eric Hoffer 1982 Ronald Reagan
James Burnham 1983 Ronald Reagan
Louis L'Amour 1984 Ronald Reagan [22]
Albert Wohlstetter 1985 Ronald Reagan
Elie Wiesel 1992 George H.W. Bush
Jacques Barzun 2003 George W. Bush
Harper Lee 2007 George W. Bush
Maya Angelou 2011 Barack Obama
Toni Morrison 2012 Barack Obama [23]
Isabel Allende 2014 Barack Obama

Hudba[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Robert Conquest, Aretha Franklin a Alan Greenspan, 2005
Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Marian Anderson 1963 John F. Kennedy [24]
Pablo Casals 1963 John F. Kennedy
Rudolf Serkin 1963 John F. Kennedy
Aaron Copland 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Leontyne Price 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Duke Ellington 1969 Richard Nixon
Eugene Ormandy 1970 Richard Nixon
Arthur Rubinstein 1976 Gerald Ford s vyznamenáním
Irving Berlin 1977 Gerald Ford
Arthur Fiedler 1977 Gerald Ford
Beverly Sills 1980 Jimmy Carter
James "Eubie" Blake 1981 Ronald Reagan
Kate Smith 1982 Ronald Reagan
Mabel Mercer 1983 Ronald Reagan
Ernest Jennings "Tennessee Ernie" Ford 1984 Ronald Reagan [25]
'Count' Basie 1985 Ronald Reagan udělena posmrtně
Frank Sinatra 1985 Ronald Reagan
Vladimir Horowitz 1986 Ronald Reagan
Mstislav Rostropovich 1987 Ronald Reagan
Meredith Willson 1987 Ronald Reagan udělena posmrtně
Pearl Bailey 1988 Ronald Reagan
Ella Fitzgerald 1992 George H.W. Bush
Isaac Stern 1992 George H.W. Bush
Plácido Domingo 2002 George W. Bush
Van Cliburn 2003 George W. Bush
B. B. King 2006 George W. Bush
Aretha Franklin 2005 George W. Bush
Yo-Yo Ma 2011 Barack Obama
Bob Dylan 2012 Barack Obama
Loretta Lynn 2013 Barack Obama [26]
Arturo Sandoval 2013 Barack Obama
Stevie Wonder 2014 Barack Obama
Emilio Estefan 2015 Barack Obama
Gloria Estefan 2015 Barack Obama
Itzhak Perlman 2015 Barack Obama
Stephen Sondheim 2015 Barack Obama
Barbra Streisand 2015 Barack Obama
James Taylor 2015 Barack Obama
Diana Ross 2016 Barack Obama
Bruce Springsteen 2016 Barack Obama

Fotografie[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Edwin H. Land 1963 John F. Kennedy
Edward Steichen 1963 John F. Kennedy
Ansel Adams 1980 Jimmy Carter

Obchod a ekonomika[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Alan Greenspan, 2005
Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Clarence B. Randall 1963 John F. Kennedy
Frederick Kappel 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
John L. Lewis 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Thomas Watson, Jr. 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Edgar Kaiser 1969 Richard Nixon
David Dubinsky 1969 Richard Nixon
Henry Ford II 1969 Richard Nixon
Laurance Rockefeller 1969 Richard Nixon
Paul G. Hoffman 1974 Gerald Ford
Iorwith Wilbur Abel 1977 Gerald Ford
Tex Thornton 1981 Ronald Reagan
Bryce Harlow 1981 Ronald Reagan
Juan Trippe 1985 Ronald Reagan udělena posmrtně
Walter Annenberg 1986 Ronald Reagan
An Wang 1986 Ronald Reagan
Justin Whitlock Dart 1987 Ronald Reagan udělena posmrtně
Irving Brown 1988 Ronald Reagan
Edward J. DeBartolo, Sr. 1988 Ronald Reagan
Milton Friedman 1988 Ronald Reagan
J. Willard Marriott 1988 Ronald Reagan udělena posmrtně
David Packard 1988 Ronald Reagan
Friedrich Hayek 1991 George H.W. Bush
Sam Walton 1992 George H.W. Bush
Lane Kirkland 1994 Bill Clinton
James Rouse 1995 Bill Clinton
Walter Reuther 1995 Bill Clinton udělena posmrtně
David Rockefeller 1998 Bill Clinton
Edgar Bronfman, Sr. 1999 Bill Clinton
James E. Burke 2000 Bill Clinton
John Kenneth Galbraith 2000 Bill Clinton
Peter Drucker 2002 George W. Bush
Dave Thomas 2003 George W. Bush udělena posmrtně
Estée Lauder 2004 George W. Bush
Walter B. Wriston 2004 George W. Bush
Alan Greenspan 2005 George W. Bush
Gary Becker 2007 George W. Bush
Muhammad Yunus 2009 Barack Obama
Warren Buffett 2011 Barack Obama [27]
John J. Sweeney 2011 Barack Obama
Daniel Kahneman 2013 Barack Obama
Robert Solow 2014 Barack Obama

Výpočetní technika[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Vinton Cerf a Bob Kahn, 2005
Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Gordon Moore 2002 George W. Bush [28]
Vinton Cerf 2005 George W. Bush [29]
Robert Kahn 2005 George W. Bush [30]
Kontradmirál Grace Hopper 2016 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně
Margaret Hamilton 2016 Barack Obama

Vzdělávání[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Norman Francis, 2006
Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Genevieve Caulfield 1963 John F. Kennedy
James Bryant Conant 1963 John F. Kennedy s vyznamenáním
Karl Holton 1963 John F. Kennedy
Alexander Meiklejohn 1963 John F. Kennedy
George W. Taylor 1963 John F. Kennedy
Detlev Bronk 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Rev Theodore Hesburgh, C.S.C. 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Admiral Hyman G. Rickover 1980 Jimmy Carter
Margaret McNamara 1981 Ronald Reagan
James E. Cheek 1983 Ronald Reagan
Jerome H. Holland 1985 Ronald Reagan udělena posmrtně
Frederick Patterson 1987 Ronald Reagan
Hanna Holborn Gray 1991 George H.W. Bush
Antonia Pantoja 1996 Bill Clinton
Ruth Johnson Colvin 2006 George W. Bush
Norman Francis 2006 George W. Bush
Eduardo J. Padrón 2016 Barack Obama

Dějiny[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Samuel Eliot Morison 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Bruce Catton 1977 Gerald Ford
Ariel Durant 1977 Gerald Ford
Will Durant 1977 Gerald Ford
Dumas Malone 1983 Ronald Reagan
Roberta Wohlstetter 1985 Ronald Reagan
John Hope Franklin 1995 Bill Clinton
Vartan Gregorian 2004 George W. Bush
Robert Conquest 2005 George W. Bush
David McCullough 2006 George W. Bush

Humanita[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Annie D. Wauneka 1963 Lyndon B. Johnson [31]
John W. Gardner 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Eunice Kennedy Shriver 1984 Ronald Reagan [32]
Leon Sullivan 1991 George H.W. Bush
Frances Hesselbein 1998 Bill Clinton
Paul Rusesabagina 2005 George W. Bush
Gerda Weissmann Klein 2011 Barack Obama
Juliette Gordon Low 2012 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně
Bonnie Carroll 2015 Barack Obama

Právo[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Advokáti a soudci[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Henry J. Friendly 1977 Gerald Ford
Elbert Tuttle 1981 Jimmy Carter [33]
Irving Robert Kaufman 1987 Ronald Reagan
John Minor Wisdom 1993 Bill Clinton
Joseph L. Rauh, Jr. 1993 Bill Clinton udělena posmrtně
Frank Minis Johnson 1995 Bill Clinton
A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr. 1995 Bill Clinton
Oliver White Hill 1999 Bill Clinton
Cruz Reynoso 2000 Bill Clinton
Laurence Silberman 2008 George W. Bush
Patricia Wald 2013 Barack Obama
John Doar 2012 Barack Obama
Newton N. Minow 2016 Barack Obama

Soudci nejvyššího soudu[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Přísedící soudce Felix Frankfurter 1963 Lyndon B. Johnson s vyznamenáním[34]
Přísedící soudce Arthur J. Goldberg 1978 Jimmy Carter
Předseda soudu Earl Warren 1981 Ronald Reagan udělena posmrtně
Předseda soudu Warren E. Burger 1988 Ronald Reagan
Přísedící soudce Thurgood Marshall 1993 Bill Clinton udělena posmrtně
Přísedící soudce William J. Brennan, Jr. 1993 Bill Clinton
Přísedící soudce Byron White 2003 George W. Bush udělena posmrtně[35]
Přísedící soudkyně Sandra Day O'Connor 2009 Barack Obama [36]
Přísedící soudce John Paul Stevens 2012 Barack Obama

Média[editovat | editovat zdroj]

William Safire, 2006.

Novináři[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Mark S. Watson 1963 John F. Kennedy
Edward R. Murrow 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson s vyznamenáním
Walter Lippmann 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Ralph McGill 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Albert Merriman Smith 1967 Lyndon B. Johnson
William S. White 1969 Richard Nixon
William M. Henry 1970 Richard Nixon
Earl Charles Behrens 1970 Richard Nixon [37]
Edward T. Folliard 1970 Richard Nixon
Raymond Moley 1970 Richard Nixon
Adela Rogers St. Johns 1970 Richard Nixon
David Lawrence 1970 Richard Nixon
Arthur Krock 1970 Richard Nixon
George Gould Lincoln 1970 Richard Nixon
Lila Acheson Wallace 1972 Richard Nixon
DeWitt Wallace 1972 Richard Nixon
Walter Cronkite 1981 Ronald Reagan
Frank Reynolds 1985 Ronald Reagan udělena posmrtně
Vermont C. Royster 1986 Ronald Reagan
William F. Buckley, Jr. 1991 George H.W. Bush
David Brinkley 1992 George H.W. Bush
Herbert L. Block 1994 Bill Clinton
John H. Johnson 1996 Bill Clinton
Katharine Graham 2002 George W. Bush udělena posmrtně
Abe Rosenthal 2002 George W. Bush
Robert L. Bartley 2004 George W. Bush
William Safire 2006 George W. Bush
Paul Johnson 2006 George W. Bush
Ben Bradlee 2013 Barack Obama
Tom Brokaw 2014 Barack Obama

Rozhlas[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Paul Harvey, 2005
Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Lowell Thomas 1977 Gerald Ford [38]
Paul Harvey 2005 George W. Bush

Televize[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Andy Griffith, 2005
Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Lucille Ball 1989 George H.W. Bush udělena posmrtně
Johnny Carson 1992 George H.W. Bush
Peggy Charren 1995 Bill Clinton
Joan Ganz Cooney 1995 Bill Clinton
Bill Cosby 2002 George W. Bush
Fred Rogers 2002 George W. Bush
Julia Child 2003 George W. Bush
Carol Burnett 2005 George W. Bush
Andy Griffith 2005 George W. Bush
Brian P. Lamb 2007 George W. Bush
Oprah Winfrey 2013 Barack Obama
Marlo Thomas 2014 Barack Obama
Lorne Michaels 2016 Barack Obama
Ellen DeGeneres 2016 Barack Obama

Lékařství[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
John F. Enders 1963 John F. Kennedy
Lena Frances Edwards 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Helen B. Taussig 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Paul Dudley White 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Michael DeBakey 1969 Richard Nixon
Charles LeRoy Lowman 1974 Gerald Ford
Jonas Salk 1977 Jimmy Carter
Karl Menninger 1981 Ronald Reagan
Denton Cooley 1984 Ronald Reagan [39]
Albert Sabin 1986 Ronald Reagan
William B. Walsh 1987 Ronald Reagan
C. Everett Koop 1995 Bill Clinton
David Hamburg 1996 Bill Clinton
Donald Henderson 2002 George W. Bush
Arnall Patz 2004 George W. Bush
Benjamin Carson 2008 George W. Bush
Anthony Fauci 2008 George W. Bush
Janet Davison Rowley 2009 Barack Obama
Pedro José Greer, Jr. 2009 Barack Obama
Tom Little 2011 Barack Obama Udělena posmrtně
William Foege 2012 Barack Obama

Vojenství[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Richard Myers, 2005
Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
James E. Webb 1969 Richard Nixon
John Paul Vann 1972 Richard Nixon udělena posmrtně
Velitel armády Omar Bradley 1977 Gerald Ford
Admirál Arleigh Burke 1977 Gerald Ford
Generál Albert Coady Wedemeyer 1985 Ronald Reagan
Generálmajor Chuck Yeager 1985 Ronald Reagan
Kapitán Joseph Rochefort 1986 Ronald Reagan udělena posmrtně
Generál Matthew B. Ridgeway 1986 Ronald Reagan
Generál Lyman Lemnitzer 1987 Ronald Reagan
Generálporučík Jimmy Doolittle 1989 George H.W. Bush
Generál Colin Powell 1991 George H.W. Bush oceněn dvakrát
Generál H. Norman Schwarzkopf 1991 George H.W. Bush
Generál John W. Vessey 1992 George H.W. Bush
General Colin Powell 1993 Bill Clinton s vyznamenáním; druhé ocenění
Jan Nowak-Jeziorański 1996 Bill Clinton
Generál John Shalikashvili 1997 Bill Clinton
Admirál Elmo Zumwalt 1998 Bill Clinton
Generál Wesley Clark 2000 Bill Clinton
Admirál William J. Crowe 2000 Bill Clinton
Generál Tommy Franks 2004 George W. Bush
Generál Richard B. Myers 2005 George W. Bush
Generál Peter Pace 2008 George W. Bush
Válečný náčelník Joe Medicine Crow 2009 Barack Obama
Kontradmirál Grace Hopper 2016 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně

Dobročinná činnost[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
J. Clifford MacDonald 1963 John F. Kennedy
Lowell Thomas 1977 Gerald Ford
Catherine Filene Shouse 1977 Gerald Ford
Ronnie Eugene Ford 1978 Jimmy Carter
Morris I. Leibman 1981 Ronald Reagan
Eugene Lang 1996 Bill Clinton
Brooke Astor 1998 Bill Clinton
Zachary Fisher 1998 Bill Clinton
Bill Gates 2016 Barack Obama
Melinda Gates 2016 Barack Obama

Filozofie[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Will Durant 1977 Gerald Ford [40]
Sidney Hook 1985 Ronald Reagan
Friedrich Hayek 1991 George H.W. Bush

Politici a ministři[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Aktivisté[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Helen Keller 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Roy Wilkins 1967 Lyndon B. Johnson
Mary Lasker 1969 Richard Nixon
Martin Luther King, Jr. 1977 Jimmy Carter udělena posmrtně
Clarence M. Mitchell 1980 Jimmy Carter
Esther Peterson 1981 Jimmy Carter
Andrew Young 1981 Ronald Reagan
Roger Nash Baldwin 1981 Ronald Reagan
Hector Garcia 1984 Ronald Reagan [41]
Lech Wałęsa 1989 George H.W. Bush
Dorothy Height 1994 Bill Clinton
César Chávez 1994 Bill Clinton udělena posmrtně
William C. Velasquez 1995 Bill Clinton udělena posmrtně
Ginetta Sagan 1996 Bill Clinton
Rosa Parks 1996 Bill Clinton
Mario G. Obledo 1998 Bill Clinton
Fred Korematsu 1998 Bill Clinton
Justin Whitlock Dart, Jr. 1998 Bill Clinton
James L. Farmer, Jr. 1998 Bill Clinton
Arnold Aronson 1998 Bill Clinton
Evelyn Dubrow 1999 Bill Clinton
George G. Higgins 2000 Bill Clinton
Rev. Jesse Jackson 2000 Bill Clinton
Millie Jeffrey 2000 Bill Clinton
Marian Wright Edelman 2000 Bill Clinton [42]
Natan Sharansky 2006 George W. Bush
Benjamin Hooks 2007 George W. Bush
Oscar Elias Biscet 2007 George W. Bush
Rev. Joseph Lowery 2009 Barack Obama
Harvey Milk 2009 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně
Sylvia Mendez 2011 Barack Obama
Gordon Hirabayashi 2012 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně
Dolores Huerta 2012 Barack Obama
Gloria Steinem 2013 Barack Obama
Bayard Rustin 2013 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně
Cordy Tindell "C.T." Vivian 2013 Barack Obama
Andrew Goodman 2014 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně
James Chaney 2014 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně
Suzan Shown Harjo 2014 Barack Obama
Ethel Kennedy 2014 Barack Obama
Michael Schwerner 2014 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně
Minoru Yasui 2015 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně
Billy Frank, Jr. 2015 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně
Elouise Cobell 2016 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně

Diplomacie[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Ryan Crocker, 2009
Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Ralph J. Bunche 1963 Lyndon B. Johnson s vyznamenáním[43]
Ellsworth Bunker 1963 Lyndon B. Johnson dvakrát s vyznamenáním[44]
Ellsworth Bunker 1967 Lyndon B. Johnson podruhé s vyznamenáním
Manlio Brosio 1971 Richard Nixon
David K. E. Bruce 1976 Gerald Ford s vyznamenáním
Gerard C. Smith 1981 Ronald Reagan
Robert Schwarz Strauss 1981 Ronald Reagan
Philip Habib 1982 Ronald Reagan
Generál Andrew Goodpaster 1984 Ronald Reagan [45]
Jeane Kirkpatrick 1985 Ronald Reagan
Anne L. Armstrong 1987 Ronald Reagan
George F. Kennan 1989 George H.W. Bush
Harry W. Shlaudeman 1992 George H.W. Bush
Sol M. Linowitz 1998 Bill Clinton
Ryan Crocker 2009 George W. Bush [46]
Jean Kennedy Smith 2011 Barack Obama
Jan Karski 2012 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně

Environmentalismus[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Horace M. Albright 1980 Jimmy Carter
Rachel Carson 1980 Jimmy Carter udělena posmrtně
Roger Tory Peterson 1980 Jimmy Carter
Russell E. Train 1991 George H.W. Bush
Marjory Stoneman Douglas 1993 Bill Clinton
Margaret Murie 1998 Bill Clinton
Edgar Wayburn 1999 Bill Clinton
Gilbert Melville Grosvenor 2004 George W. Bush
John H. Adams 2011 Barack Obama

Zpravodajské služby[editovat | editovat zdroj]

George Tenet, 2004.
Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Whittaker Chambers 1984 Ronald Reagan [47][48][49][50][51][52][53][54][55]
Jean MacArthur 1988 Ronald Reagan
George Tenet 2004 George W. Bush

Hlavy cizích států nebo vlád[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Tony Blair, 2009
Oceněný Rok Stát Prezident Poznámky
Joseph Luns 1984 Nizozemí Ronald Reagan
Carlos P. Romulo 1984 Filipíny Ronald Reagan
Anwar el-Sadat 1984 Egypt Ronald Reagan udělena posmrtně [56]
Margaret Thatcher 1991 Velká Británie George H.W. Bush
Wilma Mankiller 1998 Národ Cherokee Bill Clinton [57]
Helmut Kohl 1999 Německo Bill Clinton
Nelson Mandela 2002 Jihoafrická republika George W. Bush
Václav Havel 2003 Česko George W. Bush
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf 2007 Libérie George W. Bush
Tony Blair 2009 Velká Británie George W. Bush [58]
John Howard 2009 Austrálie George W. Bush
Álvaro Uribe 2009 Kolumbie George W. Bush
Mary Robinson 2009 Irsko Barack Obama
Angela Merkel 2011 Německo Barack Obama
Shimon Peres 2012 Izrael Barack Obama

Členové vlády USA[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Donald Rumsfeld představuje medaili z roku 1977 Medal (oceněn s vyznamenáním)
Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Robert A. Lovett 1963 John F. Kennedy s vyznamenáním
Dean Acheson 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson s vyznamenáním
Robert S. McNamara 1968 Lyndon B. Johnson
Clark Clifford 1969 Richard Nixon s vyznamenáním
Dean Rusk 1969 Richard Nixon s vyznamenáním
Cyrus Vance 1969 Richard Nixon
Averell Harriman 1969 Richard Nixon s vyznamenáním
William P. Rogers 1973 Richard Nixon
Melvin Laird 1974 Gerald Ford
Donald Rumsfeld 1977 Gerald Ford s vyznamenáním
Henry Kissinger 1977 Gerald Ford
Warren Christopher 1981 Ronald Reagan
Zbigniew Brzezinski 1981 Ronald Reagan
Harold Brown 1981 Ronald Reagan
Caspar Weinberger 1987 Ronald Reagan s vyznamenáním
Malcolm Baldrige, Jr. 1988 Ronald Reagan udělena posmrtně
George P. Shultz 1989 George H.W. Bush
C. Douglas Dillon 1989 George H.W. Bush
Dick Cheney, jako ministr obrany 1991 George H.W. Bush [59]
James Baker 1991 George H.W. Bush
Arthur Flemming 1994 Bill Clinton
William T. Coleman, Jr. 1995 Bill Clinton
William Perry 1997 Bill Clinton
Elliot Richardson 1998 Bill Clinton
Norman Mineta 2006 George W. Bush
Donna Shalala 2008 George W. Bush
Robert Gates 2011 Barack Obama
Madeleine Albright 2012 Barack Obama

První dámy USA[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Betty Ford, 1992
Oceněná Rok Prezident Poznámky
Lady Bird Johnson 1977 Gerald Ford [60]
Betty Ford 1991 George H.W. Bush [61]
Rosalynn Carter 1999 Bill Clinton
Nancy Reagan 2002 George W. Bush

Členové Kongresu USA[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Senátor Edward Brooke, 2004
Senátor Strom Thurmond, 1993
Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Člen Sněmovny reprezentantů Carl Vinson 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson s vyznamenáním
Člen Sněmovny reprezentantů Walter Judd 1981 Ronald Reagan
Senátor Ed Muskie 1981 Ronald Reagan
Senátor Jacob K. Javits 1983 Ronald Reagan
Člen Sněmovny reprezentantů Clare Boothe Luce 1983 Ronald Reagan
Senátor Henry M. Jackson 1984 Ronald Reagan udělena posmrtně
Senátor Howard H. Baker, Jr. 1984 Ronald Reagan [62]
Senátor Barry Goldwater 1986 Ronald Reagan
Senátor Mike Mansfield 1989 George H.W. Bush
Člen Sněmovny reprezentantů Claude Pepper 1989 George H.W. Bush
Senátor Margaret Chase Smith 1989 George H.W. Bush
Člen Sněmovny reprezentantů Tip O'Neill 1991 George H.W. Bush
Senator Strom Thurmond 1993 George H.W. Bush
Senátor William Fulbright 1993 Bill Clinton
Členka Sněmovny reprezentantů Barbara Jordan 1994 Bill Clinton
Člen Sněmovny reprezentantů Robert H. Michel 1994 Bill Clinton
Senátor Gaylord Nelson 1995 Bill Clinton
Člen Sněmovny reprezentantů Mo Udall 1996 Bill Clinton
Senátor Bob Dole 1997 Bill Clinton
Člen Sněmovny reprezentantů Dante B. Fascell 1998 Bill Clinton
Senátor Lloyd M. Bentsen 1999 Bill Clinton
Senátor George J. Mitchell 1999 Bill Clinton
Senátor George McGovern 2000 Bill Clinton
Senátor John H. Chafee 2000 Bill Clinton udělena posmrtně
Senátor Daniel Patrick Moynihan 2000 Bill Clinton
Člen Sněmovny reprezentantů G. V. (Sonny) Montgomery 2005 George W. Bush
Člen Sněmovny reprezentantů Henry Hyde 2007 George W. Bush
Člen Sněmovny reprezentantů Tom Lantos 2008 George W. Bush
Člen Sněmovny reprezentantů Jack Kemp 2009 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně
Senátor Edward Kennedy 2009 Barack Obama
Člen Sněmovny reprezentantů John Lewis 2011 Barack Obama
Senator Daniel Inouye 2013 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně
Senátor Richard Lugar 2013 Barack Obama
Člen Sněmovny reprezentantů John Dingell 2014 Barack Obama
Člen Sněmovny reprezentantů Abner J. Mikva 2014 Barack Obama
Členka Sněmovny reprezentantů Patsy Mink 2014 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně
Člen Sněmovny reprezentantů Edward Roybal 2014 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně
Členka Sněmovny reprezentantů Shirley Chisholm 2015 Barack Obama udělena posmrtně
Člen Sněmovny reprezentantů Lee H. Hamilton 2015 Barack Obama
Senátorka Barbara Mikulski 2015 Barack Obama

Prezidenti USA[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Bývalý prezident Ronald Reagan, 13. ledna 1993
Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
John F. Kennedy 1963 Lyndon B. Johnson 35. prezident USA; udělena posmrtně[63]
Lyndon B. Johnson 1980 Jimmy Carter 36. prezident USA; udělena posmrtně[64]
Ronald Reagan 1993 George H.W. Bush 40. prezident USA; s vyznamenáním[65]
Gerald Ford 1999 Bill Clinton 38. prezident USA
Jimmy Carter 1999 Bill Clinton 39. prezident USA
George H. W. Bush 2011 Barack Obama 41. prezident USA
Bill Clinton 2013 Barack Obama 42. prezident USA

Viceprezidenti USA[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Prezident Obama uděluje Prezidentskou medaili svobody s vyznamenáním viceprezidentovi Joe Bidenovi, 12. ledna 2017.
Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Nelson A. Rockefeller 1977 Gerald Ford 41. viceprezident USA[66]
Hubert H. Humphrey 1980 Jimmy Carter 38. viceprezident USA, udělena posmrtně[67]
Joseph R. Biden Jr. 2017 Barack Obama 47. viceprezident USA, s vyznamenáním[68]

Další politické osobnosti[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Guvernér Luis Muñoz Marín 1963 John F. Kennedy s vyznamenáním
Guvernér Herbert H. Lehman 1963 Lyndon B. Johnson Lehman zemřel den před ceremoniálem, medaili převzala jeho vdova 28. ledna 1964[69]
Spojenecký vysoký komisař John J. McCloy 1963 Lyndon B. Johnson s vyznamenáním
George Meany 1963 Lyndon B. Johnson [70]
Jean Monnet 1963 Lyndon B. Johnson s vyznamenáním
Velvyslanec Eugene M. Locke 1967 Lyndon B. Johnson
Robert W. Komer 1967 Lyndon B. Johnson
Walt Rostow 1969 Richard Nixon
Whitney Young 1969 Richard Nixon
Eugene R. Black, Sr. 1969 Richard Nixon
McGeorge Bundy 1969 Richard Nixon
Administrátor FEMA John Macy 1969 Richard Nixon
William J. Hopkins 1971 Richard Nixon
Guvernérka Ella T. Grasso 1981 Ronald Reagan udělena posmrtně
Leo Cherne 1984 Ronald Reagan
Náměstek ministra obrany Paul Nitze 1985 Ronald Reagan
Ředitel CIA John McCone 1987 Ronald Reagan
Peter Carrington, 6. baron z Carringtonu 1988 Ronald Reagan
Velvyslanec Vernon Walters 1991 George H.W. Bush
Ředitel CIA William Webster 1991 George H.W. Bush
Brent Scowcroft 1991 George H.W. Bush
Generální tajemník OSN Javier Perez de Cuellar 1991 George H.W. Bush
Guvernér Luis A. Ferré 1991 George H.W. Bush
Paul Drabinski 1993 Bill Clinton
Zástupce generálního tajemníka OSN James P. Grant 1994 Bill Clinton
Velvyslanec Sargent Shriver 1994 Bill Clinton
James Brady 1996 Bill Clinton
Albert Shanker 1998 Bill Clinton udělena posmrtně
Max Kampelman 1999 Bill Clinton
Simon Wiesenthal 2000 Bill Clinton
Státní radní Myanmaru Aung San Suu Kyi 2000 Bill Clinton
Irving Kristol 2002 George W. Bush
Generální tajemník NATO Baron Robertson of Port Ellen 2003 George W. Bush
Norman Podhoretz 2004 George W. Bush
Paul Bremer 2004 George W. Bush
Administrator William Ruckelshaus 2015 Barack Obama

Náboženství[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Recipient Year President Notes
Papež Jan XXIII. 1963 Lyndon B. Johnson udělena posmrtně[71]
Reinhold Niebuhr 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Arcibiskup americký Iakovos 1980 Jimmy Carter
Rev Billy Graham 1983 Ronald Reagan
Rev Norman Vincent Peale 1984 Ronald Reagan [72]
Terence Cardinal Cooke, bývalý arcibiskup New Yorku 1984 Ronald Reagan udělena posmrtně
Matka Tereza 1985 Ronald Reagan
Joseph Cardinal Bernardin, arcibiskup Chicaga 1996 Bill Clinton
Sestra Isolina Ferré 1999 Bill Clinton
Rev Gardner C. Taylor 2000 Bill Clinton
Gordon B. Hinckley 2004 George W. Bush
Papež Jan Pavel II. 2004 George W. Bush s vyznamenáním
Desmond Tutu, emeritní arcibiskup Kapského Města 2009 Barack Obama

Vědci[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Stephen Hawking, 2009
Oceněný Rok Prezident Poznámky
Alan Tower Waterman 1963 John F. Kennedy
Clarence Johnson 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Lewis Mumford 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
John Bardeen 1977 Gerald Ford
Norman Borlaug 1977 Gerald Ford
James D. Watson 1977 Gerald Ford
Margaret Mead 1979 Jimmy Carter udělena posmrtně[73]
Rachel Carson 1980 Jimmy Carter udělena posmrtně
Simon Ramo 1983 Ronald Reagan
Jacques-Yves Cousteau 1985 Ronald Reagan
George Low 1985 Ronald Reagan udělena posmrtně
Robert Coles 1998 Bill Clinton
Mathilde Krim 2000 Bill Clinton
Edward Teller 2003 George W. Bush
James Q. Wilson 2003 George W. Bush
Joshua Lederberg 2006 George W. Bush
Francis Collins 2007 George W. Bush
Stephen Hawking 2009 Barack Obama
Mario Molina 2013 Barack Obama
Mildred Dresselhaus 2014 Barack Obama
Richard Garwin 2016 Barack Obama
Margaret Hamilton 2016 Barack Obama

Dobyvatelé vesmíru[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Astronauté Apolla 13 byli oceněni medailí prezidentem Richardem Nixonem v roce 1970.
Oceněný Rok Mise Prezident Poznámky
Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin 1969 Apollo 11 Richard Nixon s vyznamenáním
Neil Armstrong 1969 Apollo 11 Richard Nixon s vyznamenáním
Michael Collins 1969 Apollo 11 Richard Nixon s vyznamenáním
Fred Haise 1970 Apollo 13 Richard Nixon
Jim Lovell 1970 Apollo 13 Richard Nixon
Jack Swigert 1970 Apollo 13 Richard Nixon
George Abbey 1970 Apollo 13 Richard Nixon
Gerald D. Griffin 1970 Apollo 13 Richard Nixon
Gene Kranz 1970 Apollo 13 Richard Nixon
Glynn Lunney 1970 Apollo 13 Richard Nixon
James W. McBarron II 1970 Apollo 13 Richard Nixon
Edgar Mitchell 1970 Apollo 13 Richard Nixon
Sigurd A Sjoberg 1970 Apollo 13 Richard Nixon [74]
Milton L. Windler 1970 Apollo 13 Richard Nixon
John Glenn 2012 Mercury-Atlas 6 a STS-95 Barack Obama
Sally Ride 2013 Space Shuttle Challenger STS-7 a STS-41-G Barack Obama udělena posmrtně[75]
Katherine Johnson 2015 NASA matematici Barack Obama

Sportovci[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Arnold Palmer, 2004
Frank Robinson, 2005
Oceněný Rok Sport Prezident Poznámky
Robert J. H. Kiphuth 1963 Plavání Lyndon B. Johnson navržen Johnem F. Kennedym
Jesse Owens 1976 Track Gerald Ford [76]
Joe DiMaggio 1977 Baseball Gerald Ford [77]
Paul "Bear" Bryant 1983 Americký fotbal Ronald Reagan udělena posmrtně
Jackie Robinson 1984 Baseball Ronald Reagan udělena posmrtně[78]
Earl Blaik 1986 Americký fotbal Ronald Reagan
Ted Williams 1991 Baseball George H.W. Bush
Richard Petty 1992 Automobilové závody George H.W. Bush
Hank Aaron 2002 Baseball George W. Bush
John Wooden 2003 Basketbal George W. Bush
Roberto Clemente 2003 Baseball George W. Bush udělena posmrtně
Arnold Palmer 2004 Golf George W. Bush
Jack Nicklaus 2005 Golf George W. Bush
Muhammad Ali 2005 Box George W. Bush
Frank Robinson 2005 Baseball George W. Bush
Buck O'Neil 2006 Baseball George W. Bush
Billie Jean King 2009 Tenis Barack Obama
Bill Russell 2011 Basketbal Barack Obama
Stan Musial 2011 Baseball Barack Obama
Pat Summitt 2012 Basketbal Barack Obama
Dean Smith 2013 Basketbal Barack Obama
Ernie Banks 2013 Baseball Barack Obama [79]
Charles Sifford 2014 Golf Barack Obama
Yogi Berra 2015 Baseball Barack Obama udělena posmrtně
Willie Mays 2015 Baseball Barack Obama
Vin Scully 2016 Baseball Barack Obama
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar 2016 Basketbal Barack Obama
Michael Jordan 2016 Basketbal Barack Obama

Poznámky a odkazy[editovat | editovat zdroj]

V tomto článku byl použit překlad textu z článku List of Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients na anglické Wikipedii.

  1. "Medal of Freedom Ceremony" (August 12, 2009), a release, August 12, 2009, from the White House Press Secretary at whitehouse.gov, the White House's official website.
  2. CLINTON, W. J.. Remarks on the Retirement of General Colin Powell in Arlington, Virginia [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara: The American Presidency Project, September 30, 1993, [cit. 2016-09-18]. In recognition of your legacy and service, of your courage and accomplishment, today, General Powell, I was honored to present you with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, with distinction. I want to tell all those here in attendance that this was the second Medal of Freedom you have received, the first from President Bush in 1991. And today, you became only the second American citizen in the history of the Republic to be the recipient of two Medals of Freedom.. [1]. (anglicky) 
  3. WOOLLEY, John T. Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-09]. [2]. (anglicky) 
  4. Curriculum Vitae of I. M. Pei [online]. [cit. 2009-07-20]. [3]. (anglicky) 
  5. President Obama Names Recipients of the Presidential Medal of Freedom [online]. The White House, November 16, 2016. [4]. (anglicky) 
  6. WOLLEY, John T.. Gerald Ford, XXXVIII President of the United States: 1974–1977, Remarks Upon Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom, January 10, 1977 [online]. www.presidency.ucsb.edu, June 9, 1980, [cit. 2011-05-22]. NORMAN ROCKWELL...Normal Rockwell, represented by his son, Jarvis Rockwell. "Artist, illustrator and author, Norman Rockwell has portrayed the American scene with unrivaled freshness and clarity. Insight, optimism and good humor are the hallmarks of his artistic style. His vivid and affectionate portraits of our country and ourselves have become a beloved part of the American tradition.". [5]. (anglicky) 
  7.  (November 16, 2010) Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, 3. Ověřeno k February 11, 2011. “Georgia O'Keeffe (1887–1986)...Presidential Medal of Freedom received January 10, 1977” 
  8. WOLLEY, John T.. Gerald Ford, XXXVIII President of the United States: 1974–1977, Remarks Upon Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom, January 10, 1977 [online]. www.presidency.ucsb.edu, June 9, 1980, [cit. 2011-05-22]. But let me again congratulate each and every one of you. I regret that Irving Berlin, Alexander Calder, the late Alexander Calder, and Georgia O'Keeffe were unable to be represented here today. We will of course present their medals to them or to their families at a later date.. [6]. (anglicky) 
  9. WOOLLEY, John T. Gerald R. Ford, XXXVIII President of the United States: 1974–1977, Remarks Upon Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Martha Graham, October 14, 1976 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-09]. [At this point, the President read the citation, the text of which follows:] The President of the United States of America Awards this Presidential Medal of Freedom With Distinction to Martha Graham. Dancer, teacher, and choreographer, Martha Graham has captivated the world with her magic and has left a legacy of imagination with all who have witnessed her talent. Her energy, creativity and daring have opened new doors of expression in dance. Her followers and friends adore her, and her country, the United States of America, is proud to proclaim her a brilliant star and a National treasure.. [7]. (anglicky) 
  10. WOOLLEY, John T. Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-11]. Lincoln Kirstein: Lincoln Kirstein is an author and entrepreneur who has honored and delighted Americans through his enormous contribution to ballet in our country. Through his commitment, two major institutions of American dance, the New York City Ballet and the School of American Ballet, were created and flourished. Developing and fostering appreciation for the arts have always depended on the energy, creativity, and commitment of individual citizens. Lincoln Kirstein stands tall as one of a select and treasured few in the world of American art.. [8]. (anglicky) 
  11. President Obama Names Medal of Freedom Recipients; 16 Agents of Change to Receive Top Civilian Honor [online]. White House, July 30, 2009, [cit. 2009-08-12]. [9]. (anglicky) 
  12. President Obama Announces the Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients [online]. November 10, 2014, [cit. 2014-11-11]. [10]. (anglicky) 
  13. WOOLLEY, John T. Lyndon B. Johnson, XXXVI President of the United States: 1963–1969, Remarks at the Presentation of the 1964 Presidential Medal of Freedom Awards, March 26, 1984 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-05-22]. Mr. Walter Disney. THE PRESIDENT. Artist and impresario, in the course of entertaining an age, he has created an American folklore.. [11]. (anglicky) 
  14. WOOLLEY, John T. Lyndon B. Johnson, XXXVI President of the United States: 1963–1969, Remarks at the Presentation of the 1964 Presidential Medal of Freedom Awards, March 26, 1964 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-05-22]. Mr. Alfred Lunt and Miss Lynn Fontainne. THE PRESIDENT. A luminous partnership of artistic talents and personal devotion they have brilliantly enlivened and enriched the American stage.. [12]. (anglicky) 
  15. WOLLEY, John T.. Jimmy Carter, XXXIX President of the United States: 1977–1981, Presidential Medal of Freedom Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony, June 9, 1980 [online]. www.presidency.ucsb.edu, June 9, 1980, [cit. 2011-05-22]. All of these are famous people, they're well-known throughout the world. But even including Vice Presidents and Presidents, noted singers and dancers and writers and ornithologists, I think the next would be the most famous of us all, including the one who reads this citation. I would like to ask Mrs. John Wayne to come forward. [At this point, the President read the citation, the text of which follows: THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AWARDS THIS PRESIDENTIAL MEDAL OF FREEDOM TO JOHN WAYNE. John Wayne was both an example and a symbol of true American grit and determination. Through his countless film roles, "The Duke" still leads millions on heroic adventures on behalf of fairness and justice. He embodies the enduring American values of individualism, relentless bravery and perseverance in pursuit of what is right. He was the quintessential patriot, and will especially be remembered whenever our Nation faces a challenge calling for steadfast courage.]. [13]. (anglicky) 
  16. WOOLLEY, John T. Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-11]. As a giant in the world of entertainment, James Cagney has left his mark not only on the film industry but on the hearts of all his fellow Americans. In some 60 years in entertainment, performing on stage and screen, he mastered drama and action adventure, as well as music and dance. One of his most remembered performances, as George M. Cohan in "Yankee Doodle Dandy," was a whirlwind singing and dancing film that inspired a Nation at war when it sorely needed a lift in spirit. James Cagney's professional and personal life has brought great credit to him and left unforgettable memories with millions who have followed his career.. [14]. (anglicky) 
  17. "NATION : Lucille Ball Gets Medal of Freedom", Los Angeles Times, July 6, 1989. Ověřeno k May 22, 2011. 
  18. SECRETARY OF THE SENATE, UNITED STATES CONGRESS. Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients [online]. United States Senate (Government of the United States), [cit. 2011-11-14]. [15]. (anglicky) 
  19. President Obama Names Recipients of the Presidential Medal of Freedom [online]. November 16, 2015, [cit. 2015-11-16]. [16]. (anglicky) 
  20. WOLLEY, John T.. Gerald Ford, XXXVIII President of the United States: 1974–1977, Remarks Upon Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom, January 10, 1977 [online]. www.presidency.ucsb.edu, June 9, 1980, [cit. 2011-05-22]. Archibald MacLeish, represented by his nephew, Roderick MacLeish. "Poet and playwright, teacher and statesman, Archibald MacLeish has combined the vocation of man of letters with that of public spokesman. A poet of realities as well as dreams, his eloquent words are matched by his sensitive social conscience. He seeks truth inspired by love of his fellow men and of his country. We are proud to recognize his stature as a humanist, an artist, and an American.". [17]. (anglicky) 
  21. WOLLEY, John T.. Gerald Ford, XXXVIII President of the United States: 1974–1977, Remarks Upon Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom, January 10, 1977 [online]. www.presidency.ucsb.edu, June 9, 1980, [cit. 2011-05-22]. JAMES ALBERT MICHENER, "Author, teacher and popular historian, James Michener has entranced a generation with his compelling essays and novels. From 'Tales of the South Pacific,' to 'Centennial,' the prolific writings of this master storyteller have expanded the knowledge and enriched the lives of million.". [18]. (anglicky) 
  22. WOOLLEY, John T. Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-11]. Louis L'Amour: Through his western novels, Louis L'Amour has played a leading role in shaping our national identity. His writings portrayed the rugged individual and the deep-seated values of those who conquered the American frontier. Starting out from humble beginnings, he has lived a fulfilling and adventurous life. An eminently successful writer, more than 100 million copies of his novels are in print, L'Amour's descriptions of America and Americans have added to our understanding of our past and reaffirmed our potential as an exploring, pioneering, and free people.. [19]. (anglicky) 
  23. Albright, World War II hero among 13 to receive Presidential Medal of Freedom [online]. CNN, [cit. 2012-05-29]. [20]. (anglicky) 
  24.  (November 16, 2010) Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, 3. Ověřeno k February 11, 2011. “Marian Anderson (1897–1993)...Presidential Medal of Freedom received December 6, 1963” 
  25. WOOLLEY, John T. Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-11]. Ernest Jennings "Tennessee Ernie" Ford: Through his musical talents, warm personality, and quick "down-home" wit Tennessee Ernie Ford won the hearts of the American people. Ford's music, which revealed his character and soul to all who listened, inspired as well as entertained his audiences. His respect for traditional values, his strong faith in God, and his unlimited capacity for human kindness have greatly endeared him to his fellow countrymen. America is a Nation richer in spirit because of Tennessee Ernie Ford.. [21]. (anglicky) 
  26. President Obama Names Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients [online]. Office of the Press Secretary, The White House, August 8, 2013, [cit. 2013-08-08]. [22]. (anglicky) 
  27. President Obama Names Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients [online]. The White House, November 17, 2010, [cit. 2010-11-18]. [23]. (anglicky) 
  28. McFeatters, Ann."Fred Rogers gets Presidential Medal of Freedom", Pittsburg Post-Gazette, www.post-gazette.com, July 10, 2002. Ověřeno k February 9, 2011. "Intel Corp. co-founder Gordon Moore. Through the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Moore is a philanthropic leader in higher education, scientific research, the environment and San Francisco Bay Area projects." 
  29. Vargas, Jose Antonio."At the White House, Prizes for 14 Champs,Medal of Freedom Ceremony Shows Ali as Fast as Ever", The Washington Post, washingtonpost.com, November 10, 2005. Ověřeno k February 9, 2011. "Also honored yesterday...Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn, the men who in figuring out how to routinely and quickly transmit data over computer networks helped start a digital revolution" 
  30. "Net pioneers receive top honour", BBC News, www.bbc.com, November 10, 2005. Ověřeno k February 9, 2011. ""Dr Cerf and Dr Kahn have been at the forefront of a digital revolution that has transformed global commerce, communication, and entertainment," read the citation for the medal." 
  31.  (November 16, 2010) Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, 3. Ověřeno k February 11, 2011. “Annie Wauneka (1910–1997)...Presidential Medal of Freedom received December 6, 1963” 
  32. WOOLLEY, John T. Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-11]. Eunice Kennedy Shriver: With enormous conviction and unrelenting effort, Eunice Kennedy Shriver has labored on behalf of America's least powerful people, the mentally retarded. Over the last two decades, she has been on the forefront of numerous initiatives on the behalf of the mentally retarded, from creating day camps, to establishing research centers, to the founding of the Special Olympics. Her decency and goodness have touched the lives of many, and Eunice Kennedy Shriver deserves America's praise, gratitude, and love.. [24]. (anglicky) 
  33. Jimmy Carter: Presidential Medal of Freedom Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony. [online]. . [25]. (anglicky) 
  34. WOOLLEY, John T. Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-09]. Mr. Ludwig Mien van der Rohe...THE PRESIDENT. Teacher, designer, master builder, he has conceived soaring structures of glass, steel and concrete which at once embody and evoke the distinctive qualities of our age.. [26]. (anglicky) 
  35. President Honors 2003 Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients [online]. . [27]. (anglicky) 
  36.  (November 16, 2010) Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, 3. Ověřeno k February 11, 2011. “Justice Sandra Day O’Connor (1930 – )...Presidential Medal of Freedom received August 12, 2009” 
  37. NIXON, Richard. Remarks on Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Eight Journalists [online]. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project, April 22, 1970, [cit. 2011-12-25]. [28]. (anglicky) 
  38. WOLLEY, John T.. Gerald Ford, XXXVIII President of the United States: 1974–1977, Remarks Upon Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom, January 10, 1977 [online]. www.presidency.ucsb.edu, January 10, 1977, [cit. 2011-05-22]. [29]. (anglicky) 
  39. WOOLLEY, John T. Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-11]. Dr. Denton Cooley: In an outstanding professional career, Dr. Denton Cooley has distinguished himself time and again in the field of medicine. As one of this country's leading heart surgeons, he has charted new territory in his search for ways to prolong and enrich human life. His efforts have saved the lives not only of his own patients, but of those of many other doctors who have studied and mastered techniques developed by him. As a heart surgeon and as a creative, independent thinker, Dr. Denton Cooley is a force for innovation in American medicine.. [30]. (anglicky) 
  40. WOLLEY, John T.. Gerald Ford, XXXVIII President of the United States: 1974–1977, Remarks Upon Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom, January 10, 1977 [online]. www.presidency.ucsb.edu, January 10, 1977, [cit. 2011-05-22]. WILL DURANT "Writer, historian and philosopher, Will Durant has provided an open window into the lives and thoughts of past ages. With the collaboration of his wife, Ariel, he has helped lead us through the past to the meaning of the present. An eloquent apostle of social order and individual freedom, he is an enemy of chaos, a friend and an invaluable guide to the millions of grateful readers.". [31]. (anglicky) 
  41. WOOLLEY, John T. Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-11]. Dr. Hector Garcia: Dr. Hector Garcia's patriotism and community concern exemplify the meaning of good citizenship. His many community-building endeavors included his work as a founder and first National Chairman of the American G.I. Forum, a veterans' organization which has done much to improve the lot of Americans of Mexican descent. Over the years, he has faithfully represented our government on numerous occasions, overseas and domestically. Dr. Hector Garcia is a credit to his family and community, and to all Americans. Through his efforts, based on a deep belief in traditional American ideals, he has made this a better country.. [32]. (anglicky) 
  42.  (November 16, 2010) Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, 3. Ověřeno k February 11, 2011. “Marian Wright Edelman (1939 – )...Presidential Medal of Freedom received August 9, 2000” 
  43. WOOLLEY, John T. Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-09]. Mr. Ball: And now, Mr. President, let me present those who are to receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom with Special Distinction....Mr. Justice Felix Frankfurter. THE PRESIDENT. Jurist, scholar, counselor, conversationalist, he has brought to all his roles a zest and wisdom which has made him teacher to his time.. [33]. (anglicky) 
  44. WOOLLEY, John T. Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-09]. Mr. Ball: And now, Mr. President, let me present those who are to receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom with Special Distinction....Dr. Ralph J. Bunche. THE PRESIDENT. Scholar and diplomat, servant of the emerging world order, he has opened up new vistas in the demanding quest for international justice and peace.. [34]. (anglicky) 
  45. http://www.reagan.utexas.edu/archives/speeches/1984/22184b.htm
  46. President Bush Commemorates Foreign Policy Achievements and Presents Medal of Freedom to Ambassador Ryan Crocker [online]. White House, January 15, 2009, [cit. 2009-01-16]. [35]. (anglicky) 
  47. "White House Freedom Medal Set for Whittaker Chambers", New York Times, February 22, 1984. Ověřeno k January 16, 2011. 
  48. Sterling, Dorothy."Whittaker Chambers: Odd Choice for the Medal of Freedom", New York Times, March 9, 1984. Ověřeno k January 16, 2011. 
  49. Buckley Jr., William F.."Witness and Friends", National Review, August 6, 2001. Ověřeno k January 16, 2011. 
  50. Stonor-Saunders, Frances."Was Whittaker Chambers a hero or a traitor?", Telegraph, April 6, 2007. Ověřeno k January 16, 2011. 
  51. Edroso, Roy."Medal of Freedom Recipients Announced, Include Tutu, Harvey Milk", Village Voice, July 30, 2009. Ověřeno k January 16, 2011. 
  52. Whittaker Chambers [online]. Encyclopedia Britannica, [cit. 2015-03-22]. [36]. (anglicky) 
  53. Romero, Frances."A Brief History of the Presidential Medal of Freedom", TIME magazine, August 12, 2009. Ověřeno k March 22, 2015. 
  54. Announcement of the Recipients of the Presidential Medal of Freedom [online]. UCSB American President Project, [cit. 2015-03-22]. [37]. (anglicky) 
  55. Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom [online]. Ronald Reagan Presidential Library and Museum, March 26, 1984, [cit. 2015-03-22]. [38]. (anglicky) 
  56. WOOLLEY, John T. Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-11]. Mr. Gamal el-Sadat will accept for his father, the late President Anwar el-Sadat. President Anwar el-Sadat, as a soldier, led his country in war, but his greatest acts of courage came in pursuit of peace. He captured the imagination of people everywhere by taking the first great step toward achieving a lasting peace between Egypt and Israel. His humanity and sense of responsibility, even now that he is gone, remain a giant force for peace and stability in the world. Anwar el-Sadat was a peacemaker of monumental wisdom and tenderness who will remain forever a hero in the hearts of the American people.. [39]. (anglicky) 
  57.  (November 16, 2010) Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, 3. Ověřeno k February 11, 2011. “Chief,Wilma Mankiller (1945–2010)...Presidential Medal of Freedom received January 15, 1998” 
  58. Mayer, Catherine."A Presidential Medal for Tony Blair", Time, www.time.com, January 13, 2009. Ověřeno k February 9, 2011. "Later today in a ceremony in the East Room of the White House, Bush is set to dole out a Presidential Medal of Freedom to Blair." 
  59. WOOLLEY, John T. George Bush, XLI President of the United States: 1989–1993, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medals of Freedom and Presidential Citizen's Medals, July 3, 1991 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-11]. This ceremony would not be complete without honoring three more American leaders, exceptional public servants who each contributed singularly to our success in the Gulf...Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney....As to Dick Cheney, Secretary Cheney not only oversaw one of the largest deployments of forces in American history but also worked hard at the beginning of the crisis to ensure that America would respond decisively to aggression. His effective testimony before the United States Congress helped all our fellow countrymen understand what was at stake in the Gulf. Working swiftly, yet skillfully, when time was truly of the essence, he traveled to Saudi Arabia and arranged for the first deployment of U.S. and coalition troops to that nation. And when war came America was ready, and Secretary Cheney's leadership contributed enormously to the victory.. [40]. (anglicky) 
  60. Lady Bird Johnson Biography [online]. Lbjlib.utexas.edu, [cit. 2011-01-05]. [41]. (anglicky) , for date of award see  (November 16, 2010) Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, 3. Ověřeno k February 11, 2011. “Lady Bird Johnson (1912–2007)...Presidential Medal of Freedom received January 10, 1977” 
  61. Lady Bird Johnson Biography [online]. Lbjlib.utexas.edu, [cit. 2011-01-05]. [42]. (anglicky) , for date of award see  (November 16, 2010) Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, 3. Ověřeno k February 11, 2011. “Lady Bird Johnson (1912–2007)...Presidential Medal of Freedom received January 10, 1977” 
  62. WOOLLEY, John T. Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-11]. Senator Howard H. Baker, Jr. The citation: As a Member of the United States Senate, one of the country's most powerful and influential citizens, and an individual whose character shines brightly as an example to others, Howard Baker has been a force for responsibility and civility on a generation of Americans. In his almost 20 years of service, he has earned the respect and admiration of his fellow citizens regardless of their political persuasion. As Majority Leader of the Senate, his quiet, cooperative style and keen legislative skills have honored America's finest traditions of enlightened political leadership and statesmanship.. [43]. (anglicky) 
  63. Presidential Medal of Freedom – John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum [online]. Jfklibrary.org, December 6, 1963, [cit. 2011-01-05]. [44]. (anglicky) 
  64. WOLLEY, John T.. Jimmy Carter, XXXIX President of the United States: 1977–1981, Presidential Medal of Freedom Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony, June 9, 1980 [online]. www.presidency.ucsb.edu, June 9, 1980, [cit. 2011-02-11]. The President of the United States of America Awards This Presidential Medal of Freedom to Lyndon Baines Johnson, Lyndon B. Johnson cared deeply about our country, its citizens, and the condition of their lives. He knew well how to translate concern into action, and action into a national agenda. He did more than any American of his time to break the chains of injustice, illiteracy, poverty and sickness. We are a greater society because President Johnson lived among us and worked for us.. [45]. (anglicky) 
  65. Remarks on presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom to President Ronald Reagan-President George Bush-Transcript [online]. The White House: Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, January 18, 1993, [cit. 2007-12-31]. [46]. (anglicky) 
  66. WOLLEY, John T.. Gerald Ford, XXXVIII President of the United States: 1974–1977, Remarks Upon Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom, January 10, 1977 [online]. www.presidency.ucsb.edu, June 9, 1980, [cit. 2011-02-11]. Vice President Nelson A. Rockefeller...Patriot, philanthropist, patron of the arts, diplomat, Governor of New York, Vice President of the United States, his long years of service to his country have yielded governmental, economic, social and cultural contributions beyond measures.". [47]. (anglicky) 
  67. WOLLEY, John T.. Jimmy Carter, XXXIX President of the United States: 1977–1981, Presidential Medal of Freedom Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony, June 9, 1980 [online]. www.presidency.ucsb.edu, June 9, 1980, [cit. 2011-02-11]. On occasion in our lives, a certain person touches the heartstrings of our existence and inspires us all in a special, deeply human way. I'd now like to ask the wife of Hubert Humphrey to come forward. [Applause] If you'll permit me an aside, I think the applause is not only for the honoree but for Muriel Humphrey as well, who shared so much. At this point, the President read the citation, the text of which follows: The President of the United States of America Awards this Presidential Medal of Freedom to Hubert H. Humphrey. Hubert H. Humphrey awed us with the scope of his knowledge; he inspired us with the depth of his sympathy; he moved us with his passion for social justice; he delighted us with his joyous love of his fellow human beings. He brought honor and enthusiasm to everything he did. He ennobled the political process.. [48]. (anglicky) 
  68. "Biden surprised with Presidential Medal of Freedom", The Miami Herald, January 12, 2017. Ověřeno k January 12, 2017. 
  69. WOOLLEY, John T. Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-09]. Mr. Ball: And now, Mr. President, let me present those who are to receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom with Special Distinction....First, Mr. Ellsworth Bunker. THE PRESIDENT. Citizen and diplomat, he has brought integrity, patience and a compassionate understanding of other men and nations to the service of the Republic under three Presidents.. [49]. (anglicky) 
  70. WOOLLEY, John T. Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-09]. Mr. Ball: Governor Herbert H. Lehman. I know that we were all deeply saddened to hear yesterday of the death of this great citizen. Mr. President, you may wish to read his citation in absentia. THE PRESIDENT. Citizen and statesman, he has used wisdom and compassion as the tools of government and has made politics the highest form of public service. Later, on January 28, 1964, the medal for Herbert H. Lehman was presented to Mrs. Lehman at a special ceremony at the White House.. [50]. (anglicky) 
  71. WOOLLEY, John T. Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-09]. Mr. Ball: Mr. George Meany. THE PRESIDENT. Citizen and national leader, in serving the cause of labor, he has greatly served the cause of his Nation and of freedom throughout the world.. [51]. (anglicky) 
  72. WOOLLEY, John T. Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-11]. Dr. Norman Vincent Peale: With a deep understanding of human behavior and an appreciation for God's role in our lives, Dr. Norman Vincent Peale helped originate a philosophy of happiness. Through the American Foundation of Religion and Psychiatry and his many books, Dr. Peale became an advocate of the joy of life, helping millions find new meaning in their lives. Few Americans have contributed so much to the personal happiness of their fellow citizens as Dr. Norman Vincent Peale.. [52]. (anglicky) 
  73.  (November 16, 2010) Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, 3. Ověřeno k February 11, 2011. “Betty Ford (1918 – )...Presidential Medal of Freedom received November 18, 1991” 
  74. The American Presidency Project – ''Remarks on Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Apollo 13 Mission Operations Team in Houston – April 18, 1970 [online]. Presidency.ucsb.edu, April 18, 1970, [cit. 2011-01-05]. [53]. (anglicky) 
  75. President Obama Announces Sally Ride as a Recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom – April 18, 1970 [online]. Office of the Press Secretary, May 20, 2013, [cit. 2013-07-02]. [54]. (anglicky) 
  76. http://www.theatlantic.com/news/archive/2016/09/white-house-olympics-berlin/502325/
  77. http://www.nationalreview.com/article/443562/medals-freedom
  78. WOOLLEY, John T. Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984 [online]. University of California, Santa Barbara, [cit. 2011-02-11]. Mrs. Jackie Robinson will accept for her late husband, Mr. Jackie Robinson. As an individual of courage and conviction, and as a skilled and dedicated athlete, Jackie Robinson stood tall among his peers. His courage opened the door of professional sports to all Americans when, in 1947, he became the first black baseball player in the major leagues. He bravely demonstrated to all that skill and sportsmanship, not race or ethnic background, are the qualities by which athletes should be judged. In doing so, he struck a mighty blow for equality, freedom, and the American way of life. Jackie Robinson was a good citizen, a great man, and a true American champion.. [55]. (anglicky) 
  79. http://m.mlb.com/news/article/56874136/

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Offline materiály[editovat | editovat zdroj]

  • [s.l.] : [s.n.]. ISBN 978-1-56802-128-7.   – contains a list of awardees from 1963 to approximately 1995