Azerové

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Azerové
Azərbaycanlılar, Azərilər
آذربایجانلیلار، آذریلر
Músáví Bahramov Magomajev Füzuli Chameneí
Populace
cca 28–35 mil.[1][2]
Země s významnou populací
Írán Írán 15 mil.
(e.g. Encyclopædia Britannica.)[3]

12,9 až 18 mil.
(e.g. CIA factbook, Knüppel, etc.)[4][5] 18 až 25 mil.
(e.g. criticism R. Elling)[6][7]

Ázerbájdžán Ázerbájdžán 9 235 001 [8]
Rusko Rusko 621 800 až 1 500 000 [9][10]
Turecko Turecko 530 000 až 2 500 000 [10][11]
Gruzie Gruzie 284 761 [12]
Ukrajina Ukrajina 45 176 [13]
USA USA 24 377 až 400 000 [14][15][16]
Jazyk(y)

Ázerbájdžánština

Náboženství

Převážně Ší'itský islám; menšina Sunnitský islám, Bahá'í,[17][18] a Zoroastrismus[19]

Příbuzné národy

Turkické národy (Oghuzové), Íránci (hlavně Peršané), Kavkazské národy

Azerové či Ázerové, zvaní také Ázerbájdžánci (ázerbájdžánsky Azərbaycanlılar/آذربایجانلیلار, Azәrilәr[20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42], rusky Азербайджа́нцы, persky ترک آذربایجانی‎‎) jsou turkický národ žijící především v Ázerbájdžánu, Gruzii, severozápadním Íránu a roztroušeně po celém bývalém SSSR.

Azerové mluví ázerbájdžánsky a mísí se v nich turecké, perské a kavkazské kořeny. Většina Azerů (především v Íránu) je šíitského vyznání islámu; sunnitská menšina žije převážně na severu Ázerbájdžánu.

Fotogalerie[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Reference[editovat | editovat zdroj]

  1. Azerbaijani [online]. Joshua Project, [cit. 2012-01-24]. Dostupné online. (anglicky) 
  2. Sela, Avraham(2002). The Continuum Political Encyclopedia of the Middle East. Continuum, 197. ISBN 0-8264-1413-3. “30–35 million” 
  3. Azerbaijani (people) [online]. [cit. 2012-01-24]. Dostupné online. (anglicky) 
  4. Iran [online]. CIA, 14 November 2011, [cit. 2012-10-04]. 16% of 77,891,220 [12.5 million]. Dostupné online. (anglicky) 
    • Michael Knüppel, "TURKIC LANGUAGES OF PERSIA: AN OVERVIEW", Encyclopaedia Iranica [1] "Altogether, one-sixth of today’s Iranian population is turcophone or bilingual (Persian and Turkic; see Doerfer, 1969, p. 13).
    • Mehrdad Izady – Columbia University – Gulf 2000 Project – Language Map of Iran – 2012 http://gulf2000.columbia.edu/maps.shtml"
    • Swietochowski, Tadeusz; Collins, Brian C. (1999). Historical dictionary of Azerbaijan. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-3550-9. "15 million (1999)"
    • Shaffer, Brenda (2003). Borders and Brethren: Iran and the Challenge of Azerbaijani Identity. MIT Press. pp. 221–225. ISBN 0-262-19477-5"There is considerable lack of consensus regarding the number of Azerbaijanis in Iran ...Most conventional estimates of the Azerbaijani population range between one-fifth to one-third of the general population of Iran, the majority claiming one-fourth" Azerbaijani student groups in Iran claim that there are 27 million Azerbaijanis residing in Iran."
    • Minahan, James (2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 1765. ISBN 978-0-313-32384-3"Approximately (2002e) 18,500,000 Southern Azeris in Iran, concentrated in the northwestern provinces of East and West Azerbaijan. It is difficult to determine the exact number of Southern Azeris in Iran, as official statistics are not published detailing Iran's ethnic structure. Estimates of the Southern Azeri population range from as low as 12 million up to 40% of the population of Iran – that is, nearly 27 million..."
    • Ali Gheissari, "Contemporary Iran:Economy, Society, Politics: Economy, Society, Politics", Oxford University Press, 2 April 2009. pg 300Azeri ethnonationalist activist, however, claim that number to be 24 million, hence as high as 35 percent of the Iranian population"
    • Rasmus Christian Elling,Minorities in Iran: Nationalism and Ethnicity after Khomeini , Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. Excerpt: "The number of Azeris in Iran is heavily disputed. In 2005, Amanolahi estimated all Turkic-speaking communities in Iran to number no more than 9 million. CIA and Library of congress estimates range from 16 percent to 24 precent -- that is, 12-18 million people if we employ the latest total figure for Iran's population (77.8 million). Azeri ethnicsts, on the other hand, argue that overall number is much higher, even as much as 50 percent or more of the total population. Such inflated estimates may have influenced some Western scholars who suggest that up to 30 percent (that is, some 23 million today) Iranians are Azeris." [2]
  5. Population by ethnic groups [online]. The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan, 2012, [cit. 2012-01-17]. Dostupné online. (anglicky) 
  6. Итоги переписи [online]. Russian Federation State Statistics Service, 2004, [cit. 2012-01-17]. Dostupné online. (anglicky) 
  7. a b van der Leeuw, Charles(2000). Azerbaijan: a quest for identity : a short history. Palgrave Macmillan, 19. ISBN 978-0-312-21903-1. 
  8. Lewis, M. Paul. Azerbaijani, South [online]. SIL International, 2009, [cit. 2012-01-29]. Dostupné online. (anglicky) 
  9. Ethnic groups by major administrative-territorial units [PDF]. National Statistics Office of Georgia, [cit. 2012-01-17]. Dostupné online. (anglicky) 
  10. About number and composition population of Ukraine by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001 [online]. State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, [cit. 2012-01-17]. Dostupné online. (anglicky) 
  11. Azerbaijani-American Council rpartners with U.S. Census Bureau [online]. News.Az, 28 December 2009, [cit. 2012-07-11]. Dostupné online. (anglicky) 
  12. http://www.azeris.org/images/proclamations/May28_BrooklynNY_2011.JPG
  13. Obama, recognize us – St. Louis American: Letters To The Editor [online]. Stlamerican.com, 9 March 2011, [cit. 2012-07-11]. Dostupné online. (anglicky) 
  14. http://www.bahai.az/ Azerbaidjan Bahai
  15. http://az.wikipedia.org/wiki/B%C9%99hailik Azerbaidjan Bahai
  16. http://books.google.ru/books?id=NCez3ZuV3NoC&pg=PA79&dq=Zoroastrianism+in+Azerbaijan&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Unn3Ud7VKqzv4QT2wIHoBQ&ved=0CFoQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=Zoroastrianism%20in%20Azerbaijan&f=false
  17. Alman İmparatorluğu'nun Doğu siyaseti çerçevesinde Kafkasya politikası, 1914-1918
  18. «Folia orientalia» Państwowe Wydawn. Naukowe, 1971
  19. Harvard Encyclopedia of American ethnic groups, Harvard University Press, 1981, p. 171
  20. Азербайджанцы
  21. «Ağaoğlu Ahmed Bey». Fahri Sakal. Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, 1999
  22. «Anadolu ağızlarının sınıflandırılması» Leylâ Karahan. Türk Dil Kurumu Yayınları, 1996
  23. «Azerbaycan siyasi muhaceretinin İstanbul'daki basın etkinliklerinin, 1923-1931: kamuoyu oluşturmadaki rolü» Belkıs Ulusoy Nalcıoğlu. İstanbul Üniversitesi, İletişim Fakültesi Yayınları, 2004
  24. «Kafkas araştırmaları» Mehmet Saray. İstanbul Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi, 1998
  25. «Karabağ sorunu kapsamında Ermeniler ve Ermeni siyaseti» Aygün Attar. Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi, 2005
  26. «Sivil toplumda Türk-Ermeni diyaloğu» Ragıp Zarakolu. Pencere Yayınları, 2008
  27. «Türk'ün Dünya Nizamı» HARUN YAHYA
  28. «Türk dünyası araştırmaları» Türk Dünyası Araştırmaları Vakfı, 1999
  29. Mark R. Beissinger; Nader Entessar; Edward Friedman; Solomon Gashaw; Noel Jacob Kent; Alan LeBaron; Herbert S.Lewis; James Quirin; Virginia Sapiro; Ronald J. Schmidt; Douglas Spitz; Tekle M. Woldemikael; Crawford Young(1993). Azeri Nationalism in the Former Soviet Union and Iran. The University of Wisconsin Press, 116. 
  30. Azeri (Azerbaijani) Genetics: Abstracts and Summaries
  31. ETHNIC SITUATION IN THE CAUCASUS. Rauf A. Guseynov
  32. Ayse Pamir Dietrich Language Policy and the Status of Russian in the Soviet Union and the Successor States outside the Russian Federation. p. 2.
  33. «AZƏRBAYCAN YURD BİLGİSİ” JURNALINDA AZƏRBAYCAN-AVROPA ƏDƏBİ ƏLAQƏLƏRİ MƏSƏLƏSİ» Altuntac Məmədova (Azərbaycan Milli Elmlər Akademiyası)
  34. Gidaiat Orudzhev, D.Sc. (Philol.), Azerbaijani State Nationalities Policy Adviser (Baku, Azerbaijan)
  35. "Daghestan: Factors of conflicts and stability". Enver Kisriev, professor, Daghestan Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), (Makhachkala, Russian Federation)
  36. The Azeris in Georgia and the Ingilos: Ethnic minorities in the limelight
  37. South Caucasus: Common Ground
  38. Sabrina Tavernise. The New York Times – 22.10.2008
  39. Who are Azeris?

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