Ernst Haas

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Ernst Haas
Ernst Haas portrait, RIT NandE Vol17Num17 1986 May8 Complete.jpg
Narození2. března 1921
Vídeň
Úmrtí12. září 1986 (ve věku 65 let)
New York
Povolánífotograf, fotoreportér, novinář a spisovatel
OceněníHasselblad Award (1986)
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Webová stránkaernst-haas.com
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Ernst Haas (2. března 1921, Vídeň, Rakousko12. září 1986, New York, USA) byl rakousko-americký fotoreportér a fotograf.

Životopis[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Ernst Haas se narodil a vyrůstal ve Vídni. Od raného dětství se začal zajímat o fotografii. V roce 1950 pořídil několik emotivních fotografií příjezdu prvního vlaku válečných zajatců. Zhotovil je pro časopisy Der Film a Heute jako fotograf na volné noze. Právě tyto obrázky na něj upoutaly pozornost veřejnosti. Haas se brzy připojil k agentuře Magnum. Od roku 1951 začal Haas ve své práci pro časopisy Life, Look, Vogue a Holiday a častěji používat barevný film. Haas nakonec vytvořil newyorskou reportáž s názvem Color Magic in Motion. Po této sérii začala hlavní roli v jeho životě senzační fotožurnalistika opouštět.

Tvorba[editovat | editovat zdroj]

V roce 1964 vytvořil sérii Dny stvoření pro film Johna Hustona Bible. Doprovodná sbírka Stvoření byla vydána v roce 1971. Sbírky jeho prací „Flower Show“ a „Flowers“, vydané v roce 1983, ukázaly, že květiny a jejich fragmenty byly během tohoto období důležitou součástí jeho tvorby. V roce 1986, krátce před svou smrtí, představil Haas svoji výstavu Abstrakce.

Vybraná ocenění[editovat | editovat zdroj]

  • Newhouse Award from Syracuse University, 1958
  • The Cultural Award from the German Society for Photography (DGPh), 1972[1]
  • Wilson Hicks Medal from the University of Miami, 1978
  • Hasselblad Photographer of the Year, 1986[2]
  • Leica Medal of Excellence: Master of Photography, 1986

Publikace[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Publikace věnované Haasovi[editovat | editovat zdroj]

  • Mainichi Shinbun. Erunsuto Hāsu: Karā shashinten ({エルンストハース カラー写真展). Tokyo: Seibu, 1962. (japonsky)
  • Ernst Haas. The Creation. New York: The Viking Press, 1971.
  • Ernst Haas. In America. New York: The Viking Press, 1975.
  • Ernst Haas. In Germany. New York: The Viking Press, 1977.
  • Ernst Haas. Himalayan Pilgrimage, text: Gisela Minke. New York: The Viking Press, 1978.
  • Ernst Haas. The Creation. Revised ed. New York: The Viking Press, 1983.
    • Ernst Haas. Tenji sōzō: Za kurieishon (天地創造 ザ・クリエイション). Tokyo: Shogakukan, 1993. ISBN 4096800821. (japonsky)
  • Bryn Campbell. Ernst Haas. The Great Photographers. London: Collins, 1983. ISBN 0004119363.
  • Ernst Haas. Ernst Haas Color Photography. New York: Abrams, 1989.
  • Alexander Haas and Jim Hughes, eds. Ernst Haas in Black and White. Úvod: Jim Hughes. Boston: Little, Brown, 1992.
  • Erunsuto Hāsu ten: Shashin de kanaderu shikasai no shi (エルンストハース展 写真で奏でる色彩の詩). Tokyo: Pacific Press Service, 1993. ISBN 4938635402. (japonsky)
  • Color Correction. Göttingen: Steidl, 2011. Editor: William A. Ewing. ISBN 978-3869301365. Esej: Phillip Prodger.

Publikace s přispěním Haase[editovat | editovat zdroj]

  • Edward Steichen, ed. The Family of Man. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1955.
  • L. Fritz Gruber. Grosse Photographen unseres Jahrhunderts. Darmstadt: Deutsche Buch-Gemeinschaft, 1964.
  • The Camera. Life Library of Photography. New York: Time-Life Books, 1970.
  • Color. Life Library of Photography. New York: Time-Life Books, 1970.
  • The Great Themes. Life Library of Photography. New York: Time-Life Books, 1970.
  • Arnold Ehrlich. The Beautiful Country: Maine to Hawaii. New York: The Viking Press, 1970.
  • Great Photographers. Life Library of Photography. New York: Time-Life Books, 1971.
  • Photographing Children. Life Library of Photography. New York: Time-Life Books, 1971.
  • The Studio. Life Library of Photography. New York: Time-Life Books, 1971.
  • Cornell Capa, ed. The Concerned Photographer 2. New York: Grossman, 1972.
  • The Grand Canyon. The American Wilderness, editor: Robert Wallace. New York: Time-Life Books, 1972.
  • Frontiers of Photography. Life Library of Photography. New York: Time-Life Books, 1972.
  • Photography Year/1973 Edition. New York: Time-Life Books, 1972.
  • Cactus Country. The American Wilderness, editor: Edward Abbey. New York: Time-Life Books, 1973.
  • Hellmut Andics and Ernst Haas. Ende und Anfang. Wien, Hamburg, and Düsseldorf: Paul Zsolnay and Econ Verlag, 1975.
  • Photography Year/1975 Edition. New York: Time-Life Books, 1975.
  • Venice. The Great Cities, editor: Aubrey Menen. Amsterdam: Time-Life Books, 1976.
  • Photography Year/1976 Edition. New York: Time-Life Books, 1976.
  • Roland Wolf. Was die Menschheit Bewegt: Ich und die Anderen. Munchen: proSport, 1977.
  • Roland Wolf. Was die Menschheit Bewegt: Wir in unserer Welt. Munchen: proSport, 1977.
  • Samuel S. Walker (text) and Ernst Haas (photographs). Realms of Light: A Collection of Poetry through the Ages. New York: Walker and Company, 1978. ISBN 0802706193.
  • Bryn Campbell. Exploring Photography. London: British Broadcasting Corporation, 1978.
  • The Editors of Eastman Kodak Company. The Joy of Photography. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1979.
  • Roland Wolf. Zukunft unserer Kinder, 2 vols. Munchen: proSport, 1979.
  • Helen Gee. Photography of the Fifties: An American Perspective. Tucson: Center for Creative Photography, The University of Arizona, 1980.
  • Roland Wolf and Karl Wadosch. Lake Placid. 80 Munchen: proSport, 1980.
  • Bryn Campbell, ed. World Photography. New York: Ziff-Davis Books, 1981.
  • The Art of Photography. rev. ed. Life Library of Photography. Alexandria, Va.: Time-Life Books, 1981.
  • Color. Rev. ed. Life Library of Photography. Alexandria, Va. Time-Life Books, 1981.
  • Photography Year 1981 Edition. Alexandria, Va. Time-Life Books, 1981.
  • Renate Gruber and L. Fritz Gruber. Das Imaginare Photo-Museum, dumont foto 3, Cologne: DuMont Buchverlag, 1981.
  • Roland Wolf. Freiheit, Die Ich Meine, 2 vols. Munchen: proSport, 1981.
  • Travel Photography. Rev. ed. Life Library of Photography. Alexandria, Va. Time-Life Books, 1982.
  • George Walsh and Colin Naylor, Michael Held. Contemporary Photographers. New York: St. Martin s Press, 1982.
  • Great Photographers. Rev. ed. Life Library of Photography. Alexandria, Va.: Time-Life Books, 1983.
  • Photojournalism. Rev. ed. Life Library of Photography. Alexandria, Va.: Time-Life Books, 1983.
  • Roland Wolf and Elfie E Wolf. Frieden. Nlunchen: proSport, 1983.
  • Olympus Optical Co. One Moment of the World, Photovision, vol 2. Tokyo: Olympus,1984.
  • Brian Brake, ed. Focus on New Zealand. Auckland, New Zealand: Collins, 1986.
  • Jay Maisel, ed. The Most Beautiful Places in the World: Impressions of Ten Master Photographers. New York: Friendly Press, 1986.
  • International Center of Photography. Master Photographs From Pfa Exhibitions, 1959–67 New York International Center of Photography,1988.
  • William Manchester, ed. In Our Time: The World as Seen by Magnum Photographers, W.W. Norton, 1989.
  • Martin Harrison, ed. Appearances: Fashion Photography since 1945. New York: Rizzoli, 1991.
  • „The Spanish West“. 1994
  • Time Books. Eyewitness, 150 Years Of Photojournalism. Richard Lacayo and George Russell. 1995. New York, N.Y.
  • Magnum Landscape, Phaidon, London, 1996.
  • Handy, Ellen. Reflections in Glass Eye. Bulfinch Press/ICP, New York, 1999.

Výstavy[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Samostatné výstavy[editovat | editovat zdroj]

  • 1947: American Red Cross Headquarters, Vienna, Austria
  • 1960: Ernst Haas, Cologne, Germany, photokina 1960
  • 1962: Ernst Haas: Color Photography, New York, the Museum of Modern Art[3][4][5][6]
  • 1962: Ernst Haas: Color Photography, sponzor: Mainichi Newspapers, Japonsko
  • 1963: Ernst Haas World of Color, sponzor: Eastman Kodak, exhibited on five different continents.
  • 1964: Ernst Haas/Color Photography, St. Louis, Steinberg Hall, Washington University
  • 1964: Poetry in Color, New York, The IBM Gallery
  • 1965: The Art of Seeing, an exhibition organized by Kodak that traveled to Mexico, England, France, Germany, Austria, Spain, the Netherlands, Belgium, Finland, Southeast Asia, Japan, and Brazil
  • 1968–1971: Angkor and Bali: Two Worlds of Ernst Haas, Asia House Gallery, New York. Under the auspices of The American Federation of Arts traveled to Grand Valley State College, Allingdale, Mich.; Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto; Stephens College, Columbia, Mo.; University of Manitoba, Canada; Kent School Kent, Conn.; University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
  • 1971: The Creation, Rizzoli Gallery, New York
  • 1972: Ernst Haas nach Krieg (After the War), Museum des 20 Jahrhunderts; Kulturhaus, Kulturamt der Stadt, Graz, Vienna and Graz
  • 1972: Ernst Haas: Die Schöpfung (The Creation), photokina 1972, Cologne
  • 1973: Ernst Haas: Die Schöpfung (The Creation), Photomuseum im Munchner Stadtmuseum, Munich
  • 1973: Ernst Haas (Returning Soldiers), Landesgalerie im Schloss Esterhazy, Eisenstadt
  • 1973: Ernst Haas: Die Schöpfung (The Creation), Österreichisches Museum für Angewandte Kunst, Vídeň
  • 1973: The Creation, Kodak Gallery, Londýn
  • 1975: Ernst Haas: Postwar Photographs, 1945–1949, Austrian Institute, New York
  • 1976: Ernst Haas, Space Gallery, New York
  • 1976: Ernst Haas: An American Experience, International Center of Photography, and Port Washington Public Library, New York
  • 1976–1977: Ernst Haas, La Fotogalería, Madrid
  • 1978: In Deutschland, photokina 1978, Cologne
  • 1978: The Creation and Other Dyes, Space Gallery, New York
  • 1980: The Creation, Elayne Art Gallery, Minneapolis, Elayne Art Gallery
  • 1982: Ernst Haas: Heimkehrer (Returning Soldiers), Salzburg, Galerie Fotohof
  • 1984: St. Louis Botanical Garden
  • 1985: Ernst Haas, Western States Museum of Photography, Santa Barbara
  • 1986: To See, To Be, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester
  • 1986: Ernst Haas Photographs, Larry Kauffman Galleries, Houston
  • 1986: Ernst Haas, Silver Visions Gallery, Newton Upper Falls, Mass.
  • 1986: 1921 Ernst Haas: 1986, Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts, Vídeň
  • 1987: Ernst Haas, Rshsska Konstslsjdmuseet, Gothenborg, Sweden
  • 1992: Ernst Haas in Black and White, International Center of Photography, New York
  • 1992: American Photographs 1950–1975, Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York
  • 1993: Unpublished Black and White Images, A.O.I. Gallery, Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • 1993: Ernst Haas in Black and White, The Camera Obscura Gallery, Denver, Colorado
  • 1994: Rediscovery of a New Vision, A.O.I. Gallery, Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • 1994: Ernst Haas in Black and White, Kathleen Ewing Gallery, Washington, D.C.
  • 1994: Ernst Haas in Black and White, Etherton Gallery, Tucson, Arizona
  • 1996: Ernst Haas (1921–1986) Photographien, Neue Galerie der Stadt Linz, Austria
  • 1998: Only Time will Tell, Michael Hoppen Photography, London, U.K.
  • 1999: Contour and Colour: Ernst Haas an Exhibition of Colour Photography, Connoly's, London, U.K.
  • 2000: Ernst Haas: New York, Soho Triad Fine Arts, New York
  • 2001: Ernst Haas: Color and Black and White, Ann Shanks Photography Gallery, Sheffield, MA
  • 2001: Ernst Haas in Black and White, Ann Shanks Photography Gallery, Sheffield, MA
  • 2001: Ernst Haas Reflections, Art of this Century
  • 2002: Ernst Haas Reflections, Maison des Arts
  • 2002: Ernst Haas: A Re-Creation Part 1 and Part 2, Bruce Silverstein Gallery, New York
  • 2002: Ernst Haas Eine Welt in Trummern (A World in Ruins), Museum Der Moderne Rupetinum, Salzburg
  • 2005: reCREATION: The first color photography exhibition at MoMA, Bruce Silverstein Gallery, New York[6]
  • 2006: Ernst Haas: Hollywood, Farmani Gallery, Los Angeles
  • 2006: Ernst Haas: Total Vision, Atlas Gallery, Londýn
  • 2009: Force of Nature, Danese, Londýn
  • 2009: Ernst Haas: Color Correction, kurátor: William Ewing, New York Photo Festival, New York
  • 2010: Exhibition from the book Color Correction, Arles Photo Festival, Arles, Francie
  • 2011: The Creation, Portland Museum of Art, Portland, ME
  • 2011: The Creation, Weston Gallery, Carmel-by-the-Sea, CA
  • 2011: Ernst Haas, Basia Embiricos Gallery and Photo 12 Gallery, Paříž
  • 2011: Color Correction, Atlas Gallery, Londýn
  • 2011: Ernst Haas: A Photography Retrospective, Post war Vienna 1945–1948, Museum der Moderne, Salzburg
  • 2011: History's Big Pictures, Monroe Gallery, Santa Fe, NM
  • 2011: Recent Photography Acquisitions, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
  • 2012: Ernst Haas: Color Correction, Christophe Guye Galerie, Zurich
  • 2012: Ernst Haas: Classics, Duncan Miller Gallery, Bergamot Station, Santa Monica, CA

Skupinové výstavy[editovat | editovat zdroj]

  • 2012: Cartier-Bresson: A Question of Colour, Somerset House, London[7]

Sbírky[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Haasova díla jsou v následujících veřejných sbírkách:

  • Provincial Museum Voor Kunstambachten, Antwerp, Belgium
  • New Zealand Center for Photography, Auckland, New Zealand
  • Royal Society of Photography, Bath, UK
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts, US
  • Mint Museum of Fine Art, Charlotte, North Carolina, US
  • The Exchange National Bank of Chicago, Illinois, US
  • Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany
  • Erna and Victor Hasselblad Foundation, Goteborg, Sweden
  • The National Museum of Art, Kyoto, Japan
  • International Center of Photography, New York, US
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, US
  • The Museum of Modern Art, New York, US
  • Philip Morris Companies, Inc., New York, US
  • Citibank Art Collection, New York, US
  • Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, US
  • Reader's Digest, Pleasantville, New York, US
  • Squibb Corporation, Princeton, New Jersey, US
  • International Museum of Photography at the George Eastman House, Rochester, New York, US
  • Kimberly-Clark Corporation, St. Louis, Missouri, US
  • Missouri Botanical Garden, St Louis, Missouri, US
  • Museum of Fine Art, St Petersburg, Florida, US
  • Rupertinum Salzburger Museum, Salzburg, Austria
  • Western States Museum of Photography, Santa Barbara, California, US
  • National Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan
  • Museum Modern Kunst, Vienna, Austria
  • Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., US
  • National Portrait Gallery, Washington D.C., US
  • International Photography Hall of Fame, St.Lous, Missouri, US[8]

Odkazy[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Reference[editovat | editovat zdroj]

V tomto článku byl použit překlad textu z článku Хаас, Эрнст (фотограф) na ruské Wikipedii.

  1. The Cultural Award of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Photographie (DGPh)“. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Photographie e.V.. Accessed 7 March 2017.
  2. Ernst Haas“, Hasselblad Foundation. Cit.: February 22, 2013.
  3. Ernst Haas: Color Correction Archivováno 18. 1. 2013 na Wayback Machine“, LensCulture, 2012. Cit.: February 23, 2013.
  4. Press release for Ernst Haas: Color Photography (1962), reproduced here (PDF), MoMA. Cit.: February 23, 2013.
  5. Rick Poynor, „Ernst Haas and the color underground“, Design Observer Group Observatory, January 19, 2012. Cit.: February 23, 2013.
  6. a b reCREATION: The first color photography exhibition at MoMA, 1962 Archivováno 26. 4. 2017 na Wayback Machine“, Opinarte, 2005
  7. Cartier-Bresson: A Question of Colour [online]. Somerset House Trust [cit. 2013-02-22]. Dostupné online. (anglicky) 
  8. Ernst Haas [online]. [cit. 2020-02-21]. Dostupné online. (anglicky) 

Literatura[editovat | editovat zdroj]

  • CAMPBELL, Bryn, ed. World Photography. [s.l.]: Ziff-Davis Books, 1981. S. 134–135. 
  • CAPA, Cornell. The Concerned Photographer 2. [s.l.]: Grossman Publishers, 1972. S. __. 
  • COLEMAN, A.D. A Painter in a Hurry: The Photography of Ernst Haas [online]. 2000. Dostupné online. (anglicky) 
  • BONDI, Inge. Biographical Essay [online]. Ernst Haas Estate, 2000 [cit. 2012-10-02]. Dostupné v archivu. (anglicky) 
  • HAAS, Ernst. The Creation. [s.l.]: The Viking Press, 1971. S. 147. 
  • HUGHES, Jim, Alexander Haas, ed. Ernst Haas in Black and White. [s.l.]: Bulfinch Press, 1992. 
  • EWING, William A. Ernst Haas: Color Correction. [s.l.]: Steidl, 2011. 
  • GRUNDBERG, Andy. Obituary of Ernst Haas [online]. 14 September 1986. Dostupné online. (anglicky) 

Související články[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Externí odkazy[editovat | editovat zdroj]