Margaret Osborneová duPontová: Porovnání verzí

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'''Margaret Evelyn Osborne duPontová''' (* [[4. březen|4. března]] [[1918]], [[Joseph (Oregon)|Jodeph]], [[Oregon]]) je bývalá [[Spojené tsáty americké|americká]] [[tenis]]tka a ženská světová jednička. Celkově vyhrála 37 [[Grand Slam (tenis)|grandslamových]] titulů, což jí historicky řadí na 3. místo mezi ženami. Nikdy se přesto nezúčastnila prvního grandslamu sezóny [[Australian Open|Australian Championships]]. Na [[US Open (tenis)|US Championships]] získala 25 titulů, což je rekord, který nebyl překonán.
 
V roce 1947 se provdala za Williama duPonta a přerušila sportovní kariéru pro narození syna. Stala se jednou z mála tenistek, které získaly vítězství na grandslamu i po [[mateřství]].
 
V roce [[1967]] byla uvedena do [[Mezinárodní tenisová síň slávy|Mezinárodní tenisové síně slávy]].
 
== Grand Slam – statistika ==
*[[French Open|French Championships]] (5)
**'''Vítězka dvouhry''' (2): 1946, 1949
**'''Vítězka ženské čtyřhry''' (3): 1946, 1947, 1949
**Finalistka žesnké čtyřhry: 1950
 
*[[Wimbledon (tenis)|Wimbledon]] (7)
**'''Vítězka dvouhry''': 1947
**Finalistka (2): 1949, 1950
**'''Vítězka ženské čtyřhry''' (5): 1946, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1954
**Finalistka ženské čtyřhry (3): 1947, 1951, 1958
**'''Vítězka smíšené čtyřhry''': 1962
**Finalistka smíšené čtyřhry: 1954
*[[US Open (tenis)|US Championships]] (25)
**'''Vítězka dvouhry''' (3): 1948, 1949, 1950
**Finalistka dvouhry (2): 1944, 1947
**'''Vítězka ženské čtyřhry''' (13): 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1957
**Finalistka žesnké čtyřhry (2): 1953, 1954
**'''Vítězka smíšené čtyřhry''' (9): 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1950, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1960
**Finalistka smíšené čtyřhry (3): 1948, 1949, 1954
 
==Grand Slam - dvouhra ==
===Vítězství (6)===
{| class="wikitable"
|-
|width="50"|'''Rok
|width="175"|'''Turnaj
|width="175"|'''Finalistka
|width="100"|'''Výsledek
|-bgcolor="#EBC2AF"
|1946||[[French Open|French Championships]]||[[Image:Flag of the United States.svg|25px]] [[Pauline Betzová Addieová]] ||1–6, 8–6, 7–5
|-bgcolor="#CCFFCC"
|1947|| [[Wimbledon (tenis)|Wimbledon]]|| [[Image:Flag of the United States.svg|25px]] [[Doris Hartová]] ||6–2, 6–4
|-bgcolor="#CCCCFF"
|1948|| [[US Open (tenis)|US Championships]]|| [[Image:Flag of the United States.svg|25px]] [[Louise Broughová Clappová]] ||4–6, 6–4, 15–13
|-bgcolor="#EBC2AF"
|1949 ||French Championships <small>(2)||[[Image:Flag of France.svg|25px]] [[Nelly Adamsonová-Landryová]]|| 7–5, 6–2
|-bgcolor="#CCCCFF"
|1949|| US Championships <small>(2)||[[Image:Flag of the United States.svg|25px]] Doris Hartová||6–3, 6–1
|-bgcolor="#CCCCFF"
|1950|| US Championships <small>(3)|| [[Image:Flag of the United States.svg|25px]] Doris Hartová||6–4, 6–3
|}
 
===Finalistka (4)===
{| class="wikitable"
|-
|width="50"|'''Rok
|width="175"|'''Turnaj
|width="175"|'''Vítězka
|width="100"|'''Výsledek
|-bgcolor="#CCCCFF"
| 1944 || [[US Open (tenis)|US Championships]] || [[Image:Flag of the United States.svg|25px]] [[Pauline Betzová Addieová]] || 6–3, 8–6
|-bgcolor="#CCCCFF"
| 1947 || US Championships || [[Image:Flag of the United States.svg|25px]] [[Louise Broughová Clappová]] || 8–6, 4–6, 6–1
|-bgcolor="#CCFFCC"
| 1949 || [[Wimbledon (tenis)|Wimbledon]] || [[Image:Flag of the United States.svg|25px]] Louise Broughová Clappová || 10–8, 1–6, 10–8
|-bgcolor="#CCFFCC"
| 1950 || Wimbledon || [[Image:Flag of the United States.svg|25px]] Louise Broughová Clappová || 6–1, 3–6, 6–1
|}
 
==Chronologie výsledků na Grand Slamu ==
{{Legenda - tenisové výsledky}}
R = turnaj omezen na účast francouzských hráčů, konán za německé okupace.<br>
<sup>1</sup>V letech 1946 a 1947 se French Open konalo až po Wimbledonu.
 
===Dvouhra===
{|class="wikitable"
|- bgcolor="#efefef"
! Turnaj !! 1938 !! 1939 !! 1940 !! 1941 !! 1942 !! 1943 !! 1944 !! 1945 !! 1946<sup>1</sup> !! 1947<sup>1</sup> !! 1948 !! 1949 !! 1950 !! 1951 !! 1952 !! 1953 !! 1954 !! 1955 !! 1956 !! 1957 !! 1958 !! 1959 !! 1960 !! 1961 !! 1962 !! Celkově SR
|-
| style="background:#EFEFEF;" | [[Australian Open|Australian Open]]
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" | '''0 / 0'''
|-
| style="background:#EFEFEF;" | [[French Open|French Open]]
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | R
| align="center" | R
| align="center" | R
| align="center" | R
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:yellow;" | SF
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#ffebcd;"|QF
| align="center" style="background:yellow;" | SF
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" | '''2 / 5'''
|-
| style="background:#EFEFEF;" | [[Wimbledon (tenis)|Wimbledon]]
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" style="background:yellow;" | SF
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:yellow;" | SF
| align="center" style="background:#D8BFD8;" | F
| align="center" style="background:#D8BFD8;" | F
| align="center" style="background:#ffebcd;"|QF
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#ffebcd;"|QF
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#ffebcd;"|QF
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#afeeee;"|1k
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" | '''1 / 9'''
|-
| style="background:#EFEFEF;" | [[US Open (tenis)|US Open]]
| align="center" style="background:#afeeee;"|2k
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#afeeee;"|3k
| align="center" style="background:yellow;" | SF
| align="center" style="background:yellow;" | SF
| align="center" style="background:#ffebcd;"|QF
| align="center" style="background:#D8BFD8;" | F
| align="center" style="background:#ffebcd;"|QF
| align="center" style="background:#ffebcd;"|QF
| align="center" style="background:#D8BFD8;" | F
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#ffebcd;"|QF
| align="center" style="background:#afeeee;"|3k
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#ffebcd;"|QF
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#afeeee;"|3k
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#afeeee;"|1k
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" | '''3 / 17'''
|-
| style="background:#EFEFEF;" | SR
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 0
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 3
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 3
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 2
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |2 / 3
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 3
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 2
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 0
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 2
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 0
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 0
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 2
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 0
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 0
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" | '''6 / 31'''
|}
 
===Ženská čtyřhra===
{|class="wikitable"
|- bgcolor="#efefef"
! Turnaj !! 1938 !! 1939 !! 1940 !! 1941 !! 1942 !! 1943 !! 1944 !! 1945 !! 1946<sup>1</sup> !! 1947<sup>1</sup> !! 1948 !! 1949 !! 1950 !! 1951 !! 1952 !! 1953 !! 1954 !! 1955 !! 1956 !! 1957 !! 1958 !! 1959 !! 1960 !! 1961 !! 1962 !! Celkově SR
|-
| style="background:#EFEFEF;" | [[Australian Open|Australia]]
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |NH
| align="center" |NH
| align="center" |NH
| align="center" |NH
| align="center" |NH
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" | '''0 / 0'''
|-
| style="background:#EFEFEF;" | [[French Open|French Open]]
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |NH
| align="center" |R
| align="center" |R
| align="center" |R
| align="center" |R
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#D8BFD8;" | F
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" | '''3 / 4'''
|-
| style="background:#EFEFEF;" | [[Wimbledon (tenis)|Wimbledon]]
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#D8BFD8;" | F
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#D8BFD8;" | F
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#D8BFD8;" | F
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#afeeee;"|3k
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" | '''5 / 9'''
|-
| style="background:#EFEFEF;" | [[US Open (tenis)|US Open]]
| align="center" style="background:#afeeee;"|1k
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#ffebcd;"|QF
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#D8BFD8;" | F
| align="center" style="background:#D8BFD8;" | F
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#ffebcd;"|QF
| align="center" style="background:#ffebcd;"|QF
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:yellow;" | SF
| align="center" style="background:yellow;" | SF
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" | '''13 / 21'''
|-
| style="background:#EFEFEF;" | SR
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 0
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |3 / 3
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |2 / 3
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |2 / 2
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |3 / 3
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |2 / 3
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 0
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 2
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 2
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 0
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 2
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" | '''21 / 34'''
|}
 
 
===Smíšená čtyřhra===
{|class="wikitable"
|- bgcolor="#efefef"
! Turnaj !! 1938 !! 1939 !! 1940 !! 1941 !! 1942 !! 1943 !! 1944 !! 1945 !! 1946<sup>1</sup> !! 1947<sup>1</sup> !! 1948 !! 1949 !! 1950 !! 1951 !! 1952 !! 1953 !! 1954 !! 1955 !! 1956 !! 1957 !! 1958 !! 1959 !! 1960 !! 1961 !! 1962 !! Celkově SR
|-
| style="background:#EFEFEF;" | [[Australian Open]]
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |NH
| align="center" |NH
| align="center" |NH
| align="center" |NH
| align="center" |NH
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" | '''0 / 0'''
|-
| style="background:#EFEFEF;" | [[French Open]]
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |NH
| align="center" |R
| align="center" |R
| align="center" |R
| align="center" |R
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |?
| align="center" |?
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |?
| align="center" |?
| align="center" |?
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" | '''0 / ?'''
|-
| style="background:#EFEFEF;" | [[Wimbledon (tenis)|Wimbledon]]
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" | NH
| align="center" style="background:yellow;" | SF
| align="center" style="background:yellow;" | SF
| align="center" style="background:yellow;" | SF
| align="center" style="background:#afeeee;"|4k
| align="center" style="background:#afeeee;"|4k
| align="center" style="background:yellow;" | SF
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#D8BFD8;" | F
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |?
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" | '''1 / ?'''
|-
| style="background:#EFEFEF;" | [[US Open (tenis)|US Open]]
| align="center" style="background:#afeeee;"|2k
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |?
| align="center" |?
| align="center" style="background:yellow;" | SF
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:yellow;" | SF
| align="center" style="background:#D8BFD8;" | F
| align="center" style="background:#D8BFD8;" | F
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#D8BFD8;" | F
| align="center" |?
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:yellow;" | SF
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" style="background:#00ff00;" | '''W'''
| align="center" |A
| align="center" |A
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" | '''9 / ?'''
|-
| style="background:#EFEFEF;" | SR
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 0
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / ?
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / ?
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / ?
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / ?
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / ?
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / ?
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / ?
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / ?
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 0
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 0
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 2
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / ?
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / ?
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 / 1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |0 / 0
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" |1 /1
| align="center" style="background:#EFEFEF;" | '''10 / ?'''
|}

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