NGC 85

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NGC 85
NGC 0085 2MASS.jpg
Pozorovací údaje
(Ekvinokcium J2000,0)
Typčočková galaxie a spirální galaxie
ObjevitelRalph Copeland
Datum objevu15. listopadu 1873
SouhvězdíAndromeda
Zdánlivá magnituda (V)14,8, 14,9[1], 17,866 1[2], 11,913[3], 11,124[3], 10,936[3], 16,589[4], 14,625[4], 13,726[4], 13,355[4] a 12,972[4]
Vzdálenost56,23 Mpc
Rudý posuv0,018 396
Označení v katalozích
New General CatalogueNGC 85 a NGC 85A
Principal Galaxies CataloguePGC 1375
(V) – měření provedena ve viditelném světle
Některá data mohou pocházet z datové položky.

NGC 85 je čočková galaxie nacházející se v souhvězdí Andromedy. Objevil ji skotský astronom Ralph Copeland v roce 1873 reflektorem o průměru 72 palců (183 cm).[5]

Související články[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Odkazy[editovat | editovat zdroj]

Reference[editovat | editovat zdroj]

  1. Margaret Geller, Michael J. Kurtz: The Updated Zwicky Catalog (UZC). In: Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. duben 1999. DOI 10.1086/316343.
  2. Gaia Data Release 2. 25. dubna 2018.
  3. a b c Thomas Jarrett, John Carpenter, John E. Gizis, Carol Lonsdale: The Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS). In: The Astronomical Journal. únor 2006. DOI 10.1086/498708.
  4. a b c d e Satya Gontcho A Gontcho, Hayley Finley, Neville Shane, Qingqing Mao, Antonio D. Montero-Dorta, Scott W. Fleming, Friedrich Anders, Eric Armengaud, Ricardo Carrera, Marie Martig, Olga Zamora, Mubdi Rahman, Guangtun Zhu, Antonio J. Cuesta, Stephanie Escoffier, Nathan De Lee, Aldo Serenelli, James R. A. Davenport, Linhua Jiang, Florian Beutler, Jordi Miralda-Escudé, Karen Masters, Matteo Viel, Antonis Georgakakis, Ashley J. Ross, Sarah J. Schmidt, Kevin Covey, David Kirkby, Licia Verde, Claudia Maraston, Joshua Pepper, David W. Hogg, Martin White, William J. Chaplin, Daniel Thomas, Rafael García, Sarbani Basu, Eva Grebel, Kenneth C. Chambers, Chia-Hsun Chuang, Mathias Schultheis, Young Sun Lee, Hans-Walter Rix, Donald Schneider, Anže Slosar, Steven Majewski, Saskia Hekker, Yvonne Elsworth, Victor Silva Aguirre, Claudia Graciela Scóccola, Daniel Huber, Michael Hayden, Thirupathi Sivarani, Rita Tojeiro, Jonay I. González Hernández, James E. Gunn, Dmitry Bizyaev, Kaike Pan, Jean-Paul Kneib, Gail Zasowski, Katia Cunha, Peter Frinchaboy, Robert Lupton, David J. Schlegel, Michael Blanton, Carlos Allende Prieto, Szabolcs Mészáros, David Nidever, Matthew Shetrone, John P. Wisniewski, Keivan Stassun, Timothy Beers, Sten Hasselquist, Annie Robin, Jo Bovy, Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille, Adrian Price-Whelan, Lado Samushia, Francisco-Shu Kitaura, Will Percival, Matthew D. Olmstead, Demitri Muna, Cristina Chiappini, Viktor Malanushenko, Jon Holtzman, Savita Mathur, Alexis Finoguenov, Abhishek Prakash, Richard G. McMahon, Nadia Zakamska, Andrea Merloni, Johan Comparat, Xiaohui Fan, Matthias Steinmetz, Éric Aubourg, Patrick Petitjean, Kirpal Nandra, Suvrath Mahadevan, Elena Malanushenko, Joel R. Brownstein, Idit Zehavi, Daniel Eisenstein, Verne V. Smith, Jennifer A. Johnson, Ricardo P. Schiavon, Mara Salvato, Constance M. Rockosi, Suzanne Hawley, Isabelle Pâris, Rachael Beaton, Diogo Souto, Patrick Gaulme, M. Jordan Raddick, Britt Lundgren, Flavia Sobreira, Marc H. Pinsonneault, Peregrine M. McGehee, Changbom Park, Peter J. Brown, Donald G. York, Hong-qian Guo, Brett H. Andrews, Paul Green, Jonathan Brinkmann, Garrett L. Ebelke, Fred R. Hearty, Daniel J. Oravetz, Kris Sellgren, Benjamin P Weaver, Nicholas W. Troup, S. Drew Chojnowski, Courtney R. Epstein, Diane K. Feuillet, Léo Girardi, Inese I. Ivans, Karen Kinemuchi, Mark A. Klaene, John K. Parejko, Sara Lucatello, Kevin Flaherty, Franco D. Albareti, Chad F Bender, Andreas Berlind, Adam S. Bolton, Etienne Burtin, Nicolás G. Busca, Aurelio Carnero Rosell, Kyle S. Dawson, Timothée Delubac, Tom Dwelly, Emma Fernández-Alvar, Andreu Font-Ribera, Joseph Huehnerhoff, Dustin Lang, Jean-Marc Le Goff, Cameron L McBride, Ian McGreer, Surhud More, Adam D. Myers, Audrey E. Oravetz, Matthew M. Pieri, Francisco Pradas De La Fuente, Sergio Rodríguez-Torres, Graziano Rossi, Eli S. Rykoff, Salvador Salazar-Albornoz, Conor Sayres, Axel D. Schwope, Alina Streblyanska, Jamie Tayar, Aniruddha R. Thakar, Jeremy L. Tinker, Mariana Vargas-Magana, David Stewart, W. M. Wood-Vasey, Timothy Anderton, Vaishali Bhardwaj, John Bochanski, Saurav Dhital, Anne Ealet, Michael Eracleous, Nurten Filiz Ak, Jessica Galbraith-Frew, Luan Ghezzi, Klaus Honscheid, Khee-Gan Lee, Marc Manera, Daniel Margala, Brice Ménard, Hironao Miyatake, Pasquier Noterdaeme, Sebastián E. Nuza, Ricardo Ogando, Petchara Pattarakijwanich, Ismael Perez-Fournon, T. S. Rodrigues, Natalie A. Roe, Nicholas Ross, Hee-Jong Seo, Yiping Shu, Dennis Stello, Molly E V Swanson, Ryan C. Terrien, Edward M. Edmondson, Robert C. Nichol, Angela Burden, Marcio Antonio Geimba Maia, Basílio Xavier Santiago, Benjamin Weiner: The eleventh and twelfth data releases of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey: final data from SDSS-III. In: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. 27. července 2015. DOI 10.1088/0067-0049/219/1/12.
  5. NGC/IC Project. www.ngcicproject.org [online]. [cit. 2010-02-15]. Dostupné v archivu pořízeném dne 2010-02-18. 

Externí odkazy[editovat | editovat zdroj]


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